SOC NOTES.wps - Gender and Culture Self Identity Masculine...

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Gender and Culture Self Identity Masculine and femine Guide to interaction SEX AND BIOLOGY Sex is biological, gender is cultural We learn to be girls and boys Gender socialization Biological differences are limited Reproductive Differences in body structure No overall differences in intelligence Adolescent males-mathematical abilities Adolescent females-verbal skills These are a matter of socialization NATURE, NURTURE, OR BOTH? evidence for both cultural and biological influences patriarchy is universal Highest status is reserved for men What explains this? Nature or Nurture? - division of labor Only females can give birth to and nurse children Women assumed tasks associated with childcare and the home Men Warfare, hunting, economic activity , accumulation of wealth, etc. These are all socio-cultural variables How do you define strength? GENDER ACROSS CULTURES Are gender traits universal? If so that would suggest a biological basis If gender is cultural there would be wide variation across cultures
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