GEO guide.wps - Forests Multiple Values Wood products Pulp...

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-1 Forests: Multiple Values: Wood products Pulp, paper, some plastics Watershed quality Recreation Wildlife habitat (biodiversity) Types: Softwoods vs. Hardwoods Hardwood Broadleaf / deciduous (leaves fall) Slow to mod growth Used for furniture Grow in partial shade/full shade Softwood Needle Leaf / evergreen Mod to fast growth Paper, plywood, building lumber (greater profit) Grow in full sun 3 Regions: 1. Central Hardwoods A. tree types: mostly hardwood B. importance to industry: timber moderately important C. ownership: small private ownership 2. Southern Forest A. tree types: mix of hard/soft B. importance to industry: very important (softwood) C. ownership: 3. Pacific A. tree types: many softwood species B. importance to industry: VERY IMPORTANT C. ownership: mostly owned by US Forest Service Land Management: Silviculture Logging system: even-aged (clear cutting) vs. uneven aged (selective) Clear cutting Cuts all trees away Kills organisms depending on shade More efficient Cause erosion and wind damage Less skill/planning
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