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Unformatted text preview: 1. What are the main problems that the Third World faces? Explain these problems briefly. Discuss the common regime types, and the connection between their colonial past, the legacy of imperialism and the emergence of these regime types. How do they compare to the Western development? Poverty : Over a billion people live in poverty. The developed Western nations as north and the underdeveloped nations as south. Globalization : For example, neither the DRC nor the Congolese governments are masters of their own destiny. Most third world countries spend a lot of time as colonies. This destroys preexisting social, economic, political, and cultural life. For example, the DRC gained its freedom in the 1960s. However, the United States helped plan the assassination of its first president, Patrice Lumumba, and then supported his corrupt and dictatorial successor, Mobuto Sese Seko, who ruled for more than thirty years. Northern multinational corporations and financial institutions still have a tremendous impact on the local economy. If by no other reason, they affect this by determining the prices paid for the raw materials most third world countries export. The third issue is the existence of weak states . Many of the poorest third world countries have what northern analysts call failed states, because the national government cannot maintain law and order or provide basic services throughout the country. For example, in the DRC the national government has little or no presence in the east. Ethnicity : High on any list in violence is tensions between ethnic groups forced to live in the same jurisdiction by their colonial rulers. The influx of refugees heightened the resentment of their fellow Tutsi and Hutu, as well as members of other ethnic groups toward the dictatorial regime of Mobutu Sese Seko in Kinshasa. Environment : The eastern part of the DRC has a number of environmental threats looming on the horizon. CITE: global warming. Imperialism : From the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries, statesmen, entrepreneurs, missionaries, and adventures flocked to the Americas, Africa, and most of Asia in the pursuit of the three Gs: god, gold and glory. Colonization. There were three distinct phases to European colonial expansion that came in waves. Colonizers were convinced that they had encountered primitive peoples. This prompted the belief of the white burden. - Most of the new colonies had relatively unsophisticated subsistence economies. They were not affluent but produced enough to meet basic survival needs.- The colonizers wanted a profit. They introduced com mercial agriculture based on one or handful of crops to be exported back to the home country. In certain areas where Africans and Asians overwhelmed European power, they had to incorporate growing numbers of locals into a system of government that the British called indirect rule....
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