Biol101 s06 final exam

Biol101 s06 final exam - . 5. Bats, birds, and insects have...

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Unformatted text preview: . 5. Bats, birds, and insects have all evolved 050 Form A Final Examination 1. S me Artiodactyla mammals have that shed annually. c.2105? wdfflfl mama, ‘45P?as (LbOdyarmor . What characteristic is a synapomorphy supporting the monophyly of the Amhosauria? ammo! . . ‘fiieamflfegg 19.0 Mimi—lb Icrkeeled sternum 6"” 3. Which two animal taxa are the most closely related? a. Gymnophiona and Tuatai'a b. Monotremata and Aves ‘AnuraandS uamata ‘04:.” @- ! I i 4. ii? 1y all frogs reproduce by . internal ‘- c cloacal kiss d. copulatory organ feifilization. com lete metamorphosis c. exoskeleton d. viviparous reproductive mode 6. _ is a 147 million year~old [elative of modem birds. aPangolm owl-i new Quiz (p :. Gannet ‘ Ni ghtjays 7. Crocodiles are a. viviparous he . ovovivi areas 9 v. .2 C { T 0' none of the above w Wt taxon does the Tuataia belong to? a; S uamata combs. bud; am the mug living HP‘HWW luntaag VOL ,,,,. ‘i w guffh 0561M!“ Mn . Ampsida d. Crooodylia 9. Sdganders 18‘de by internal fertilization, when: the male leaves a _______ b. amniotic egg c. embryo d. marsupium 10. evolved in fish before the transition from water to land by the tetxapods. on the ground for the female to pick up. la NWUUVA » ‘ l 1._ allows aquatic salamanda's to retain their larval characteristics into adulthood. ; a. Accelerated development ollutedwa Imw On»! 2 Q, - linquency 12. During reproduction, male frogs grab a female in a behavior called a. cloacal kissing ‘ b. intermission . rotting l3. Terrestrial species of salamanders bypass the larval stage and hatch as miniature versions of their parents in a process known as a. accelerated metamorphosis b. delayed paedomorphism é. aquatic ontogeny 14. have skin toxins that are some of the most potent in the world. 3. Snakes c. Porcupines d. Zebras 15. When a male frog is amplexed by another frog he will emit a call. . a. mating c. pleasure d. territorial 16. Some garter snakes are to newt toxins, allowing them to prey on these amphibians. . susoeptible c. greatly affected d. mimics 17. The extraordinary large size of the human brain, with its ability in intellect, has recently been hypothesized to have evolved in response to . so we can impress our potential mates. a predation b. language skills tool use // \____H__“_M 18. The study of minnows in the streams of Sonora found that sexual members were less susceptible to parasites when their 1 ‘ @fl'on numbers were high, because a greater amount of oeuld be maintained. / rpregnant males I c. pregnant females /d:€lonal individuals I9. Asexual species, such as the female lizards at the beginning of the video, areeflectively a. hermaphroditic in. genetically independent EJhesameas sexual species 20. Thechallenge of _,_,_____ in a terrestrial environment is solved by larval gills, lungs, and moist skin. a. mechanical support E. losing water . reproduction Form A 21. The direct ancestor to the tetrapods evolved a circulation to separater serve the body and the lungs. a. blood-based b. nitrogen carrying @ kidney 22. The male reproductive organ in squamate reptiles is called a and is noteworthy for its paired structures. 0i (1 QWZ— ii 3. ts # , . . ‘ bfilggiopenis Th9“ 5"! Z (OPW‘V'W 0'9”“5 I“ “20 'dr’d‘ 5?!“er brown 1.; ‘i inc; .cloacaifold "“ .hgmip4h—es ‘ E” 23. is an effective predator escape mechanism and is facilitated by vertebral fracture planes. . Cryptic coloration d. Venom spitting 24. A snake's jaw disarticulates at the to increase their gape and provide left-right independence to aid in allowing- om ot- haw smz (a rear“ c. muscle attachment d. posmricrmost point \izqwls 4: 3’ ho! HS 25. Some squama reptiles, like rattlesnakes, give birth to fully formed babies by reproduction. _viviparous 0M “tn I“), (9,432 U .oviparous Wm P 'n a d.noneoftheabove 3 36“ I 5 {b a I 26‘ snakes belong to the division of squamate reptiles, which refers to a predation mode that relies on 01f °“‘ ololot- new QUtZ. Lo b. wait and watch c. hear and attack (1. both b and c 27. Turtles lack . ‘ aoopulatory organs Oi oi * VIPW Quail. (a b. legs .atail' 28. The two major groups of dinosaurs are quadrupedal herbivorous saumpods and bipedal carnivorous theropods. 0'4 +n€W Quiz (a omithischian g. ptcrosaurian 29. Turtles are the only living members of the lineage. 3. synapsid .‘ b.diapsid OMC’MM’ 6“” V @ archosaurian 30. gm will crocodilian babies do immediately before and after hatching? .eattherenmantsoftheiryolksac 0'5! ‘1 "4W QM“? (I c. shed their skin d. replace their baby teeth Form A 31.Theeftlarval stagcofafmgiscalleda a. c. neonate d. axoiotl 32. In the amniotic egg. the __ is responsible to collecting metabolic wastes and in latter embryonic development joms the chorion to facilitate respiration. a. chorion c:’amnion ‘ d. yolk sac 33. The common ancestor of the amniote lineages evolved impermeable skin with w Olciul new Qw‘zb .elastin d. bony ossicles flit: podans are amphibians found in the tropical forests of the world. 'ant c. jumping _‘ dogliding 3S. legs me in structure to the limbs of lobe-fin fish. . not similar '- c. convergent d. different 36. A taxon is if it includes the most recent common ancestor of all members of a group and some but not all of the descendents. a. evolutionary ‘ ‘c. polyphyletic d. monophyletic 37. gm amniotic egg. the chorion membrane serves as a resistant to desiccation. . miniature pond a nutrient reserve d. waste compartment 38. Crocodilians are known as a passive A b. suction h“” (90"); if _ venoous 39. Male gharials will underwater to attract a mate. a. swrrn predators and will attack as large as cattle, deer, and people b. tail siapen E. roll vio tly 40. Whlilie the large-bodies dinosaurs are extinct. their living descendents are represented by a. 'zards b. crocodiles I I I c Form A 41. Associated with endothermy, mammals evolved for insulation. - a large ears . feathers 42. The shaft, vanes. barbs. barhules, and booklets serve to W‘ e. weaken d. color the feather while keeping it lightweight. 43. In arid climates, both the Lagomorpha and Pmboscidea have individuals who use their themoregulation. Aft 45 i ' a. tongues . finasalpassages bwflmf) 9‘4}?er s dtails 44. a. Nesting Flight. . Courts 1p 45. The have well-differentiated heterodont teeth with premolars ideal for shearing flesh. uEdentata ‘ - r - b. Chirogtem c. Mystioete to help with allows birds to maximize feeding and breeding by placing them in an optimal season year-round. jag Plaoenmlia. the placenja is derived from dwehmiou\nnd g F a. your I b. M- or" \I\ i.‘ /" \ .7/ t / c. amnion ' "' I 47. Theocholocalion of bats has likely evolved in response to their ___________ habits. a. diurnal and aquatic b. diurnal and latesuial 48. Coatepated to placental mammals, umpial babies spend less time in a. DESI. b. incubation c. nesting to help nourish their young. retentionI because all cellular activities occur in an aqueous environment. 51.111ebifdforelimbactsas whetemgativeptessurepmduoeslift. _ fl: $5 propeller d. a tudda 52. Early Devonian amphibians evolved a more sophisticated unchanism for a. smelling b. tasting Emmi tempemure .Whatkeyadaptation inlheir most recenteommon ancestorledtothemdiation of ammalia & Reptilia (both Avian and non—Avian)? a v b. legs @iungs ' ’ 54.111elowershellonatmtle'sbodyisknownasthe 3W Old‘ahnf’w Quiz 9 um (I. mantle 55. “Wait and watch” squammze species :er predominately on w to find PIE?- ,folfsgion (sawing) . to w 56. The represent a flightless aquatic radiation of birds. 1 osuiches b. kiwis me N . 57.n108t typical of bird feathers are feadlets, vaned fathers that cage: and streamline the bird's body. ‘1:- . downy c. bristle d. display _‘ 58.111 Mammfie. afiaptations towing ants includelargefi'om claws, loss ofleeth, and a. blood b. slow, deliberate movements ékgeeus 59.1heevolution ofinaeasedaetivity inbirdsandmammals isusocialedwith aextinclion b. ectothenn gown-icy i 60._________whalesfeedonkrillandzooplanktonandobtainthela'gestsizesofanyanimalontheplanet Odontoeete k um 9‘- xe 3 Spam dKille: Questions from the SCREEN... 61. 'I'heanimal shown is in the taxon a. Anura ‘F V” 5 b V ’ b'GYWOthna‘thiw blaqc 5m » w; Haw Ungh‘u‘a (cAmniota( 31mith of- 9 35k) W P“ adlarhundsv arugula) -P flmgh;bfli 4 Mai“ 62. The animal shown is in the taxon (chrvob sq ' q-Rai am K'm 4'0"“204“ .Gymnophiona( “f -p Q ‘ 4 c.Amniota ' iCaudata K c animal shown is in the (axon mniota .Amhosauzia- C ‘ "pi? s 8} - as '3 y, o'u‘ 5mg. '45 Form A Theropoda 64. The shown is in the taxon ,(Mamrmlia b. Alchosautia e ’h» {20:61) “W H: w |_ .smus—p 5 E Mflm\ /' 65.1'heanimalshownis‘1fthetaxon A “palm—v \‘ v tin lizzal )"~D Bags: 4 __ .Squamata 3’ ‘ effuam F -. d; Mammalia qmnsvfifl (PM 66. The animal shown is in the axon a. Thcmpoda - Saudhia __ ' new” uImUv/sgguyqvm>_§ 50W . Chelom‘a 67.Theanimal shown is in thetaxon . ‘\ aAmPhihia‘ b’ommfisfhffiq 4mv029dq -? 5nwfi§(.nffl 4 alm-Jfi‘mn’é -? aftho’am’i“ ‘7 dr‘f/Igswl‘l .Squarnata —-‘~B‘ NP‘KHG 68.?msfigfigzmlfgmtgfifiogmkuflv/MO"! b t/O‘l‘fiJl 6" 3‘" 9 HM". FD‘II'I, W'flllabj b.Plaoentalia 4h fimmfila bow in qu(rn‘hA( an 19m ) c.Edentata/)<-Mw4hm_- «Wm/w, mmnoluta, pangs in d.Monotremata WWW" P'W‘ ‘3 P‘W‘DP“5 a I 1 J 1 i' l 1 69.Theanimal shown is in the u‘axon . Amh ' \‘ mun warn}? __ arroggfiflimm rvgm PU- "I/ethc'r ~ WM“ 0*“ ‘1 WWW”) oCamivora bfury “warn/alum 9. (Dub. New"? d.Marsupia1ia fawn-slaw Wm: hum I‘le‘PHV. "1"‘9‘9‘0 -. . 70. The animal shown is in the taxon ' crissodactyla - _ 'um‘nwfk' . UPI/III. 591+i m! 9H (Ax, inn/34H“, '3‘“ a”, '"HH’", “MFR” NV c."Sirenia ‘ ’ d. Proboscidea 71.1heanimal shown isinthetnon aEdmtnin é. Inseei'vim .v 5H 9 Rodenfia 72.1heanimalshownisinthetaxon Form A a. iihaooidea b. Petissodactyla c. Chit-0pm , 3;”; n n I f j , 73.1'lieanimaishowisinthetaxon / aSirenia b.Camivota I _ w "a 3,3,qu r' _ _ I 1 E\fl(.n-I’nl|‘| «P 9m+ V —-—'—‘ @Rodentiaiei 6' Sta ("NV $9“ an ma 5) -P malfhfn'iiif‘ “yuan-unit?” M ‘It Mn“ umwal‘fl—P ewe ~D i__—— "iii—pe- amnoofi W HrwwsJI “wmg‘irm :9 EJIOIFngWLL‘i JP 75.1'heanimalshownisinthetaxm agrti'odactylah &mqnnn( 5 .9 law-r o 4 Enurmmlm —-7 pm‘i 9" Ewiw’i“ ‘PLL’W ‘? mm“ d.Pmboscidea —? ammaiu Previous Miami QuationsaSquestionl=50 points) ' Nigerians» advocates having taxonomies based on __..___.____ . gmups of similar c. pamphyletic groups d. polyphyletie groups 77. The theory states the eulmyotic cells arose thrOugh the combination of microbic and aerobic wow: cells. imon coexisterioe c: bacteria d. exobiological 78. Linnea: a: :10wa being ebnndomd by scientists because they are not comparable and sometimes do not reflect evolutionary history. 3. themes b. names binomial nomencimne 79. In 1987. the Supreme Court ruled that tending mention scienoeas an alternative to evolution was unconstitutional in the case a: Dolittle v. McGuire ' _7 3 Reinhold v. Reinhold d. State of (hogan v. Bdwatls 80- _.___________________ is an idea that leplaoes gaps in scientific knowledge with explanations that an unspecified deity intervened. ‘ a. Theistic evolution Form A 8 l. The aspect of evolution is that surfing of variation is by natural Selection. - random 3 hypothetig d. mythical . In an evolutionary nee. the splitting of lineages is equivalent to oompemtive biology, dictates that similmity be the result of common ancesny. d. homopiasy 84. In binomial nomenclature, the Coast Horned Lizard would be written coronatwn c. Phrynosoma coronatum d. phrynosama coronatwn 85. Beams: of a sponge‘s elaborate skeletal fiamework and often them. a. soft. gelatinous . nunient-rich 5. unprotected 86 ateoncofthekeyfanmtothemweessoanidmia. 'm— Collar cells d. Asymmetrical body plans 87. has evolved in some matineflatworms to signal predators that they aredistasteful. a. A single slurp spine b. Cryptic coloration @IA mfl'iedl ed- 88. The Oestoda women-e . a. Common 5 b. Mutualistic a, Magus Bafivmetuatesatemomimwnantinthemaimenmof .solarenagycycles c. cmbon belmoe cl predator-prey relationships body. most potential piedators don't like eating and can be easily identified by their namiw waists. 90. 'I‘heI-Iymenopm display awidemy of body (1. hindlimbs 91. Nematode worms use much latem expansion. g: calcarews ossicles c.- s’picules- - d. ngid mdoskeleton 92.1hetunicatesaremembemofthe mdlepuesentthemostbasal lineage within the Chordata. a. fkmichmlata b. Euchordata g Eclnnodmnata 93. In the Gnathostomata, developed fi'om an murder pair of pharyngeal gill arches. . pectoral fins c. the apautlum d spiracles 94.The . atefeedinglppendageslocatednearthemouthofChelicemtes. jaws dchelipeds Form A within the pwidocoel to help elongate and contract their bodies. without 95. In Irplopoda, each body segment posterior to the fifth segment has _____ pairs of legs. @3, d.6 96. "Velvet worms" «Onychophonns have many pairs of legs. a. bimmous b. unitamous (me- 97. Seawcnmbers have 10to30mtt‘aetileoralmenmeles modifiedfi'om epapulae b.thecardiaestomach the endoskeleton 98.Whatcharactetixticisasynapomphythetlinks HemichotdetacflcChonlata? apost-annllail unattached endostyle 99.115eoommonmeestor0f08teiehdtyes evolvedan toooverthegills. 1% st 1).]: gen! 'ts eclaspers __ 100. In the New heat developed bdiind the in response to inaeased capillary En'ction in the gills. akidne s % tii'pextite brain d. liver 10 I I Form A Extra Credit (5 questions a 10 bonus points) fllnahoadsenmthecomplexity ofneets incieasesas._____incteases. aimelimb control bmnsioe @Jizeoftheneat 102. From the fossil record, it is known that my. if not all. as . humans c. wolves d. zattlesmkes laid eggs and that at least some were nest builders 103. Clearly, complex nest-building behavior was akey adaptation making as a class so successful, just as viviparity (bearing live young) and nourishing the young with milk was akey adaptation making mammals so successful. a. sialomnmda's b. gs @fish lgflumeggjhym, depositing 20 to 50 in euest nndeof__.__________. .rocks pl inacim c. interwoven pine tree bunches d. mud dripped from the father‘s mouth 105. Driven by a strong ‘hesting instinct," animals build nests to protect their from harsh and/or unpredictable climatic conditions, to minimize the that ofpledation, and, in the case of nests with multiple eggs, to gain "safety in numbers." ts é symE'onts d. mates \\ ANSWER KEYS ARE POSTED ON THE BLACKBOARD WEBSITE C W READ: ,.. 1) Mark your answers on the test booklet as well. 2) Turn in your ParScon: form... keep your test booklet. 3) Include the Form letter on your Moore (A, B, C, D). 4) Include the Exam Number on your ParScore (001-205). Student ID is REQUIRED ,, (9 11 ...
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/15/2008 for the course BILD 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '06 term at UCSD.

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Biol101 s06 final exam - . 5. Bats, birds, and insects have...

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