Art History notes - Art History notes 9.6.16 Chapter 6.13...

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Art History notes: 9.6.16 Chapter 6.13- Jan Van Eyck, Arnolfini Double Portrait, 1434, this was painted on a wood panel. This painting is important because it Is oldest surviving and one of the only oil paintings from this time. This artist was one of the first to use this medium because most other artists use tempera paint. Made from pigment from raw material such as clay, egg, minerals, etc. this type of paintings allowed the artists to work slower because the paint took longer to dry. This painting was seen to be a man who was a merchant who sent to sell goods, and his wife. Geovanni arnofini and geovana canavi were the man and woman. Maybe it was miniature painted? Which was very common in this time period. It is believed to be spring time or summer time although they are wearing layers and layers of clothing which was a sign of wealth. Green was a symbolic of fertility. A white veil she is wearing which symbolizes purity in chriistianity. He looks like hes pledging. Dog used to symbolize loyalty and fidelity. There are prayer beads next to a mirror and each detail of the mirror shows the passive of Christ. Only one candle burning in the chandelier. He is looking at us but she is looking at him, she is of equal class and comes from similar class as arfini. If she wasn’t she would be facing the ground which showcases that she was of lesser wealth then he was. The bed symbolizes of what comes after their marriage, and consolation that comes after their marriage. Historians discredit the illusion that she is pregnant because of the purity veil and they say it is just the style of the clothing she is wearing, and that it is just bulky. If this was painted in tempera paint instead of oil paint you wouldn’t be able to see that reflection that is showcased in the paintings.
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