DAY 2 Christian Bible

DAY 2 Christian Bible - DAY 2 THE GROWTH OF THE CHRISTIAN...

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DAY 2 THE GROWTH OF THE CHRISTIAN BIBLE I. The Development of the Jewish Bible By the 2 nd century BC the Law in both Hebrew and Greek forms was regarded as scripture. (Cf. Letter of Aristeas) By the 2 nd century BC the Law, the Prophets, and other books were regarded as scripture. (Cf. Sirach, Prologue; Qumran) Near the beginning of our era, Philo (Cont Vita 25) speaks of law, prophets, and other books. Acts 13:15, in a synagogue scene, refers to the reading of the law and the prophets. Luke 24:27 & 44 have the risen Jesus refer to Moses, the prophets, and the Psalms. At the end of the first century AD, Josephus (C. Apion 1.37-43) says the Jewish Bible is composed of 22 books (lacking Ecclesiastes? and Esther?). At the end of the first century AD, 2 Esdras 14:44-48 refers to 24 Jewish books that are to be read in public while the remaining 70 are not to be so read. M. Yadaim 3:5 records a debate about which writings render the hands unclean (3:5—“All the Holy Scriptures render the hands unclean.) The unnamed speaker follows the preceding claim about all scripture with the statement: The Song of Songs and Ecclesiastes render the hands unclean (i.e., belong to scripture). There follows a debate about whether one or both of these writings render the hands unclean. The conclusion comes back to an affirmation of both. Conclusion : Into the 2 nd century AD the Jewish canon of scripture was not closed. As a result of rabbinic discussions, the canon with its tripartite division was closed sometime in the 2 nd century. II. The Development of the Christian Bible A. The early church, which regarded itself as one sect within Judaism, did not have a closed canon of Jewish scripture because there was not one. The Greek-speaking church used the Greek translations of the Jewish scriptures. It also used a larger group of writings than the 24 of the Hebrew Bible (cf. Jude 9 where the author alludes to an episode found in the Assumption of Moses; cf. Jude 14-15 where the author refers to a prophecy from 1 Enoch 1:9). The order of the books used by the church was also different from that of the Hebrew Bible. Nevertheless, the earliest Bible of the church
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2008 for the course BIO 1306 taught by Professor Adair,tamarah during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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DAY 2 Christian Bible - DAY 2 THE GROWTH OF THE CHRISTIAN...

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