finals study guide

finals study guide - Communication Studies Study Guide...

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Communication Studies Study Guide Exigence—a problem -Rhetorical exigence—any exigence that is an imperfection marked by urgency, an obstacle. Something that is not what it should be. Something that needs to get one. Has to have some solution-capable of positive modification when positive modification can be assisted by discourse. Ex: bad temper, language/discourse to calm down is rhetorical exigence. It must have a solution! Not rhetorical: death, natural disasters -uncontested exigence—when there’s a problem that everyone agrees is a problem but is unsure of how to solve it -contested exigence-when there’s a problem that is not considered a problem to everyone. Good for public speeches. Ex: teen/parent relationship. Elaborate to solve. Constraints-circumstances or situation that prevents your ability to persuade. -rhetorical constraints—the obstacles that need to be anticipated as filters for your aud. -internal constraints—based on idea that people have preset beliefs. -external constraints—outside hindrances that limit your rhetorical strategy Truth-an accurate account of reality. -reality is different for everyone and changes through time -earth is flat used to be truth -different perspectives, opinions to take into account -realist—one that thinks truth is real, regardless of what you may think about it -ethical realist—truth exists and can be discovered and it is out duty to seek out and reveal that truth faithfully in communication -relativist—truth is always relative, things exist only on different perspectives and experiences are forever changing -ethical relativist --truth exists only to the extent that it’s shared by a community and it’s our duty to analyze the origins and consequences of those truths to better understand ourselves and people. Cults. Strongly influences by beliefs. Status-refers to relative authority or marginality that particular words, ideas, or discourses possessed within a community -authority—signifies that which is explicitly valued, respected, or embraces. So this is typically discussing something that is stereotypically favorable to your audience -marginality—“go against”-signifies that which is widely condemned, ignored and or rejected. The Public Sphere-a concept in __philosophy and critical theory that contrasts with private sphere and is the part of life in which one is interacting with others and societies at large -technical sphere-an elite group with specialized knowledge who use technical jargon to discuss, narrowly, problems in a way that average citizens cannot understand -personal sphere-technical jargon is shunned in favor of a language, which favors the expression of intimate feelings, experiences, and opinions. -authoritarian sphere-the only views that are allowed to be expressed are those, which are
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2008 for the course CMST 2060 taught by Professor Wambaldorf during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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finals study guide - Communication Studies Study Guide...

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