Anthro Study Guide - Chapter 20 Globalization the impact of...

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Chapter 20 Globalization – the impact of industrialization and its socioeconomic, political, and cultural consequences on the non-industrialized societies of the world. -Three major theories that have been used to explain globalization: --modernization theory --dependency theory --world-systems theory Modernization theory concerned with the process of economic, social, political, and cultural change that accompanies industrial-technological change. -developed in the United States in the 1950’s -became leading model of the Cold War between the US and the Soviet Union -influential proponent: American economist W.W. Rostow (argued that modernization occurred in all societies, not just in the west) 5 stages (traditional preindustrial societies modern industrial societies) 1. Traditional stage 2. Culture-change stage 3. Takeoff stage 4. Self-sustained growth 5. High economic growth -the model led to the categorization of societies into three “worlds” (1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd ) First World : composed of modern industrial states with predominantly capitalist or hybrid economic systems. These societies became industrialized first. Ex. Great Britain, Western Europe, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Japan, and the US. Second World : consists of industrial states that have predominantly socialist economies. Includes the former Soviet Union and many of the former socialist countries of Eastern Europe (ex. Poland and Hungary) Third World : refers to pre-modern agricultural states that maintain traditionalism. Consists of the vast majority of the people in the world.
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