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Psych 65 Midterm

Psych 65 Midterm - 1 Ralph's 2-1/2 year old son Matty is...

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1. Ralph's 2-1/2 year old son Matty is choking his little dog Casey. Ralph tells Matty that his behavior is hurting Casey. Matty laughs and chokes the dog harder. Contrast Freud and Skinner in their explanations of and solutions to this problem. The Freudian approach to this problem would say that matty is just following his ID of aggression, his instinct is to squeeze the dog. Freud argues that his ego/superego hasn’t been developed because he is not 6 or 7 years old yet. Freud’s solution to this problem since the boys ego hasn’t developed yet, is up to the parents. His parents must be that moral guiding voice and be relentless. In contrast, skinner would say that matty did it because he is mimicking something that he saw. In skinner’s world, we are nothing and nothing is inside of us. Rather we are the result of responding to our environment. Skinner rarely advocated punishment except in desperate situations. Skinner would suggest that the boy be put on a schedule reinforcement to change his behavior. A more desirable solution versus choking the dog would be to pet it. To do this skinner would suggest putting the boy on a continuous reinforcement schedule. Meaning everytime the boy would pet the dog he would get a reward. Interval 2. Ralph sees himself as a physically courageous person. He is climbing the ladder at the
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