Study Guide for Astronomy

Study Guide for Astronomy - Study Guide for Astronomy...

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Study Guide for Astronomy Rocket Theorists/ Designers Konstantin Tsiolkovosky : Published the investigation of interplanetary space by means of rocket devices, FIRST to design the rocket, developed mathematics of rockets. Robert Goddard : US Physicist; built small rocket engines, tested liquid fuel rockets in 1922. Highest rocket reached alt. 1.5 miles with a speed of 550mph. Hermann Oberth: Wernher Von Braun : help design the v-2 and a-4 rockets. Sergei Korolev : The scientist who is now recognized as having spearheaded the Soviet rocket program, ID kept secret known as chief designer, developed the cluster concept for the R-7. Yangel : Developed many of the Soviet strategic missiles that were eventually deployed in the early 1960's. Rocket Groups VfR : “Society for Space Travel" was founded in Germany in 1927, and in 1930 opened an experimental rocket-launching facility near Berlin. In May 1931 a VfR rocket was launched to an altitude of 3,000 feet (0.6 miles). GIRD : The Moscow team was known as GIRD (Group for the Investigation of Reactive Engines and Reactive Flight), and in 1933 they accomplished the first launch of a liquid fuel rocket within the Soviet Union.(Sergei Korlolev) Astronauts and Cosmonauts Yuri Gagarin : First man in space by the soviet union. Made a single orbit of the earth in Vostok 1. Valentina Tereshkova : 1 st female in space, Vostok 6, 48 orbits, Alexei Leonov : Voskhod 2, 1 st manned spacewalk, 26 hours.
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