Chapter 6 - Roark Chapter 6 The British Empire and the...

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Roark Chapter 6: The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis, 1754-1775 Notes and Questions for HIS1043 by Rex H. Ball, Senior Lecturer Read the commentary on Patrick Henry’s map desk. Henry was heavily invested in Western land as Washington and others of the time. It would be regarded as theft and illegal. When Parliament passed new taxes to raise income, the charge of unconstitutionality became loud and persistent. From the other side, the story of Thomas Hutchinson is about one who remained loyal to the crown throughout this turbulent period. Look over the story and pay special attention to the authors’ words, “Privately, he lamented the stupidity of the British acts that provoked trouble, but his sense of duty required him to defend the king’s policies, however misguided. Quickly, he became an inspiring villain to the emerging revolutionary movement. The man not inclined to enthusiasm unleashed popular enthusiasm all around him. He never appreciated that irony” There was another irony the author hinted at in the above paragraph. A fifth generation descendant of Anne Hutchinson, he in a sense represented the social order that Anne challenged and the disorder that swept over him and the American colonies was in part what the Puritan hierarchy feared. What is the most significant point in this writing? How would they react to revocation of land grants caused by the Proclamation Line of 1763? What was it? 1
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As colonial America continued to develop economically and socially, Europe continued its deadly ways: they made war against each other. King William’s War (1689-1697) and Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713) began from Old World frictions. The two later wars, the War of Jenkin’s Ear (1739- 1742) and the French and Indian War (1754-1763) began because of colonial conflicts. Colonials Land Security from the Indians England Block French expansion in North America Keep the colonials under control (Proclamation Line of 1763) Expand influence in the Caribbean Pacify Native Americans Increased revenue from colonies France Block England’s expansion in North America Use Native Americans as instruments of French policy Expand profitable trade with Natives Native Americans Protect their territory Play the English and French against each other Spain Retain her empire Maintain the balance of power The Congress attempted to create a collaborative arrangement that would enhance colonial cooperation especially against French and Indian incursions on the frontier. Not one colony approved the plan—they feared loss of power and possible ceding power of taxation to the mother country, and the Indians liked having two super powers vying for their favor; besides, the could ill afford to be on the losing side. Huge claims over land that neither France, Britain nor Spain
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course HIS 1043 taught by Professor Rexball during the Spring '08 term at The University of Texas at San Antonio- San Antonio.

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Chapter 6 - Roark Chapter 6 The British Empire and the...

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