Chapter 4 - Roark Chapter 4: The Northern Colonies in the...

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Roark Chapter 4: The Northern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century 1601-1700 Notes and Questions for HIS 1043 by Rex H. Ball, Senior Lecturer Anne Hutchinson, a well educated woman— something unusual in those days, started a discussion group shortly after moving to Boston in the 1630’s. She began discoursing on the sermons of Puritan divines to a group that grew to sixty men and women. One could easily say she was practicing the idea of the priesthood of all believers. John Winthrop accused her of not knowing her place, of being more husband than a wife, more of a preacher than a hearer, and more of a governor than a subject. John Winthrop and the Puritan elites clearly saw her as a threat to the established order. They were not interested in freedom of religion or of speech, but in conformity to their version of Christianity. When she said that she knew the truth because of direct revelation of God speaking to her soul, a departure from Puritan teachings, they called her a heretic and banished her from the colony. In a sense, the great grandchildren of Martin Luther’s Reformation had established a new orthodoxy and felt very comfortable in persecuting violators of that orthodoxy. When Henry VIII seized control of the Catholic Church in England, he largely left the practice of worship alone. In doing so he offended devoted Roman Catholics, whom he persecuted, and in addition Protestants who wanted a pure Christian church—thus How does the story of Anne Hutchinson confirm the fears of the Catholic Church that were reported by the authors near the end of Chapter 2? What was it that bothered the establishment so much? What was so wrong for her or anyone to read, think and speak about matters of faith? What was the origin of Puritanism and what were its basic beliefs? 1
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the name Puritan. They wanted the hierarchy abolished and for ordinary Christians to have more say in religious life. They opposed Catholic rituals and the use of images and music in worship. “…instead,” the authors write, they emphasized “…an individual’s relationship with God developed through Bible study, prayer, and introspection.” (p. 79) What Anne Hutchinson was practicing? Apparently one could reflect and all that stuff, but you had to reach the same conclusions as the divines of New England. More directly, Winthrop was also offended
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course HIS 1043 taught by Professor Rexball during the Spring '08 term at Texas San Antonio.

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Chapter 4 - Roark Chapter 4: The Northern Colonies in the...

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