Chapter 10 - Roark Chapter 10: Republican Ascendancy,...

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Roark Chapter 10: Republican Ascendancy, 1800-1824 Notes and Questions for HIS1043 by Rex H. Ball, Senior Lecturer Get into your groups and discuss the first section of Chapter 10. The Puritans wanted to return to the purity of the early church without the ceremony, icons and relics of the Catholic Church (or the High Anglican). Tecumseh and the Prophet urged Native Americans to return to their ancient (more pure) ways of life and to unite against the Americans. He allied his followers with the British in the War of 1812. He probably never understood that the geopolitical goals of the British had little interest in the objectives Tecumseh and his followers. As happened earlier, they were betrayed by their European allies. For one thing the election demonstrated the naiveté of the framers of the Constitution. Not having anticipated the formation of aggressive political parties, when electors caste their votes, they made no distinction between president and vice president on their ballots. In 1796, that resulted in a Federalist President (Adams) and a Democratic Republican (Jefferson), but in 1800 the Dem-Rep electors failed to withhold one electoral vote for the vice presidential candidate (Aaron Burr), meaning Burr would have to decline the presidency or the decision went to the House of Representatives. The decision went to the House, and after 37 ballots (and the intervention of Hamilton on behalf of Jefferson) Jefferson was chosen. The XII amendment removed that problem in 1804. The most important occurrence was the peaceful transfer of the Presidency from one party to another without any How was Tecumseh and the Prophet’s message similar to that of the Puritans? Why did they fail? How was the election of 1800 very significant in American History? 1
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threat of revolution. Finally, with Jefferson and Burr having 73 electoral votes and Adams 65, for those who understood the Constitution the importance of the 3/5s clause—without the slightly over 20 votes attributable to the southern slave population, Adams would have won reelection. Yet Jefferson would call his election, the revolution of 1800. In 1800, Gabriel’s rebellion was uncovered in Virginia. Get in your groups and the important revelations this failed effort of slaves to rise up against slavery can tell us. 1. The slaves had a communication system that defied the attempts of the South to isolate them 2. They understood the rhetoric of the American and French Revolutions and what it meant for them if applied without bias 3. They had a certain naiveté that Francophile southerners (such as Governor Monroe) would naturally support their right to liberty 4. That Jefferson and Monroe agreed the hangings of the plotters should stop at 26 indicates that they were aware that world opinion was moving away from support for slavery 5. It gives the lie to southern attempts to make slavery into some idyllic institution that made a place for docile, ignorant and rather doltish blacks who could not take care of themselves
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Chapter 10 - Roark Chapter 10: Republican Ascendancy,...

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