abnormal psychology

abnormal psychology - Abnormal Psychology Broken Minds,...

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Abnormal Psychology Broken Minds, Broken lives
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Characteristics of Abnormal  Behavior Behavior must fit at least several of the  following criteria to be labeled abnormal: Statistical deviance Cultural deviance Emotional distress Dysfunction “Abnormal” behavior not a rigid category
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Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorder a “harmful dysfunction” in which behavior is judged: atypical - not enough in itself disturbing maladaptive - harmful unjustifiable -sometimes there’s a good reason
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Historical Perspective Perceived Causes movements of sun or moon lunacy- full moon evil spirits Ancient Treatments exorcism, caged like animals, beaten, burned, castrated, mutilated, blood replaced with animal’s blood
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The Concept of Insanity Insanity: A legal term defined as inability to  understand that certain actions are wrong at the time  of a crime Under this definition, people with disorders may be judged legally sane Famous cases in which the insanity defense  succeeded: John Hinckley Jr., Jeffrey Dahmer Used in < 1% of criminal felony cases
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Legal Commitment Mentally ill Dangerous to self or others Grave disability, not able to make a decision  for themselves. Condition is expected to last 90+ days You must administer lest restrictive  confinment.****
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What is the DSM-IV-TR? Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental  Disorders, 4th edition Published by the American Psychiatric Association Used for the diagnosis and classification of  psychological disorders Intended to give objective, measurable criteria for diagnosing disorders Does not suggest therapies or treatments Does not discuss possible causes
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The Five Axes of the DSM-IV-TR “Axis” = Rating dimension Involve a wide range of factors including medical history, functioning in daily life Axis I:  Common psychological  disorders Examples: Schizophrenia; substance abuse Axis II: Personality disorders  Example: Paranoid personality disorder
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The Five Axes, continued… Axis III:  General medical conditions Example: Diseases of the circulatory system Axis IV:  Psychosocial and  environmental problems Example: Homelessness Axis V:  Global assessment of  functioning scale
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Schizophrenia - Prevalence and Course Approximately 1% lifetime prevalence Prevalence rates equivalent for men  and women Not the same as “split personality”
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course PSY 1013 taught by Professor Perry during the Spring '08 term at Texas San Antonio.

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abnormal psychology - Abnormal Psychology Broken Minds,...

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