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Chapter 13 - What's It For Social Psychology Interpreting...

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    What’s It For? Social Psychology Interpreting the Behavior of Others Behaving in the Presence of Others Establishing Relations with Others
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    Attribution Theory In social interactions, you must  constantly try to understand the causes  for behavior Assigning a cause = Attribution Covariation model:  What other events or  factors were present when the behavior  occurred? Consistency Distinctiveness Consensus
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    Internal Versus External Attributions We may attribute a behavior to an external  event or situation or to an internal personality  trait or disposition Based partly on covariation  When consistency, distinctiveness and consensus are  high, we make an external attribution - Situationial When consistency is high, but distinctivenss and  consensus are low, we make an internal attribution -  Personal
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    Errors and Biases in Attribution Fundamental attribution error : Tendency to  overestimate the influence of  internal personal  factors,  underestimate influence of situational factors Actor-observer effect : Tendency to attribute  our own  behavior  to external sources, behavior of others to  internal sources But: We make internal attributions for own actions  when they produce positive outcomes ( self-serving  bias )
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    Cognitive Dissonance
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