Chapter 12 - What Is Personality? Set of psychological...

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    What Is Personality? What Is Personality? Set of psychological characteristics that  differentiates us from others and leads us  to act consistently across situations Involves the study of individual differences  in personality traits Trait: Predisposition to respond in a certain  way
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    What is Personality? What is Personality? Four basic perspectives psychoanalytic trait humanistic social-cognitive
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    The Psychoanalytic  The Psychoanalytic  Perspective Perspective From Freud’s theory  that proposes that  childhood sexuality  and unconscious  motivations  influence personality
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    Freud’s Psychodynamic  Freud’s Psychodynamic  Approach Approach Psychodynamic theory holds that much of  behavior is governed by unconscious  forces Mind is divided into three parts: Conscious mind contains things that occupy  one’s current attention Preconscious mind contains things that aren’t  currently in consciousness, but can be  accessed Unconscious mind contains memories, urges,  and conflicts that are beyond awareness
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    Role of the Unconscious Mind Role of the Unconscious Mind Contains memories, urges that are  forbidden or dangerous (more on this  later) These are kept from consciousness, but can  still cause problems Dreams express contents of unconscious  mind Manifest content: What you remember Latent content: True meaning
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    Personality Structure Personality Structure Id a reservoir of unconscious psychic  energy strives to satisfy basic sexual and  aggressive drives operates on the  pleasure principle demanding immediate gratification
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    Personality Structure Personality Structure Superego the part of personality that presents  internalized ideals provides standards for judgment and for  future aspirations Moral system and conscience
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    Personality Structure Personality Structure Ego the largely conscious, “executive” part  of personality mediates among the demands of the id,  superego, and ego operates on the reality principle,  satisfying the id’s desires in ways that  will realistically bring pleasure rather  than pain
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    Defense Mechanisms Defense Mechanisms Different parts of personality are in  constant conflict, especially with regard to 
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2008 for the course PSY 1013 taught by Professor Perry during the Spring '08 term at Texas San Antonio.

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Chapter 12 - What Is Personality? Set of psychological...

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