PS12Week3War2008class

PS12Week3War2008class - War and Peace Bargaining and War...

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War and Peace Bargaining and War
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The Puzzle War is an extremely costly way for states to settle their disputes. Given the human and material costs of military conflict, why do states sometimes wage war rather than resolve their disputes through negotiations? Countries have conflicts of interest all the time. Only some disputes are resolved by force.
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A Domestic Analogy Why are most civil disputes settled out of court? Both sides can predict reasonably well the “damages” that might be awarded. Lawyers, and especially court time, are enormously expensive. To save the costs of “going to trial,” most disputes are settled earlier rather than later in the process.
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Another Domestic Analogy Why are most union contracts negotiated without a strike? Prevailing wages in area are generally well known. Strikes are costly to both workers and owners. Both sides have an interest in reaching an amicable settlement.
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The Insight As long as war is costly, some bargain must exist that both sides would prefer to actually fighting. If so, war can only arise as a result of some “bargaining failure.”
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The Bargaining Theory of War A’s ideal point B’s ideal point X A’s share of territory from deal at X B’s share of territory from deal at X x = any bargain A B
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PS12Week3War2008class - War and Peace Bargaining and War...

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