PS12Week2class_000

PS12Week2class_000 - Understanding Interests, Interactions...

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Understanding Interests, Interactions and Institutions
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Conflict and Cooperation Conflict and cooperation vary dramatically over time and space. World order is a function not only of circumstance (e.g., bipolarity v. unipolarity) but also of choice. Understanding why countries make the choices they do can help us understand not only patterns of conflict and cooperation but also how to enhance the prospects for peace and prosperity in the future.
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Iraq
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The Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988 Background Long standing dispute over control of the Shatt al-Arab waterway on the border. Iran weakened by the 1979 Revolution. Iraq launches surprise attack. U.S. supported Iraq. With complicity of U.S., Iraq used chemical weapons against Iranian troops and civilians. Total casualties est. 1 m.
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The Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991 Iraq deeply indebted. Price of oil declining due to Kuwait’s “excess” pumping. Invades Kuwait and later declares it the 19th province of Iraq. U.S. leads a coalition of 34 countries to restore sovereignty to Kuwait. Victory declared after Iraqi forces expelled from Kuwait after 100 hours. Casualties: U.S. 382, other coalition 87, Iraqi est. 22,000 - 200,000.
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Aftermath of Persian Gulf War U.N. Security Council prohibits MWD in Iraq and sets up postwar inspections regime. Throughout 1990s, U.N. inspectors and Iraq play “hide and seek.” Inspectors expelled in 1998 amid accusations of spying. Inspectors return in December 2002. U.N. also imposes sanctions designed to topple Saddam Hussein. Significant costs to general population.
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Neo-conservatives issue appeal in 1998 to remove Hussein from power. Soon after 9/11, renew calls for invading Iraq as part of Global War on Terror. First major preventive war. Claim made that MWD in Iraq posed threat to U.S. and its interests in the region. After being rebuffed at the U.N., the U.S. leads a “coalition of the willing” to overthrow Hussein. War of liberation becomes war of occupation. Casualties (as of 4/5/08): U.S. 4,013 killed, 29,496
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PS12Week2class_000 - Understanding Interests, Interactions...

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