Aquinas - Thomas Aquinas 1225 1274(Aquinas notes created by...

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Thomas Aquinas 1225 – 1274 (Aquinas notes created by Kevin Vallier)  Dominican monk, born to Italian nobility.  Worked ~150 years after Anselm.  Student of Albert the Great, a proponent of Aristotle.   (Influenced heavily by Islamic philosophers: Avicenna and Averroes.)
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Rejection of the Ontological Argument “Granted that everyone understands that by this word “God” is  signified something than which nothing greater can be thought,  nevertheless, it does not therefore follow that he understands that  what the word signifies exists actually, but only that it exists  mentally.  Nor can it be argued that it actually exists, unless it be  admitted that there actually exists something than which nothing  greater can be thought….”  (Summa Theologica I.II.I)
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 Anselm’s argument rests on his definition of god as “that  which nothing greater can be conceived.”  Aquinas rejects this on the grounds that a word’s meaning  cannot alone establish the existence of that to which the word  refers.  Rather, Aquinas requires existence proofs to require  observation.
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Aquinas’ Five proofs for the existence of god. (1)  Argument from motion
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Aquinas - Thomas Aquinas 1225 1274(Aquinas notes created by...

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