phaedo & republic lecture

phaedo & republic lecture - 1 The Forms and the...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 The Forms and the Soul I n The Phaedo & Republic The execution of Socrates is an occasion in the Phaedo for a discussion of the nature of the soul with reference to the Forms I n the Republic Plato characterizes the soul differently and expands upon the Forms 2 Platos Forms Argument for Existence of Forms Similar objects exist & can be known to be similar e.g. Leo & Leona the lions There must exist something, the Form of BEI NG-A-LI ON, that makes them similar & which is known when similarity is recognized 3 Forms continue exist even if the objects that they inform stop existing Even if Leo dies, Leona remains a lion similar to other lions So, Forms do not depend for their existence on sensible/ physical objects Rather, sensible/ physical objects depend for their existence on forms Forms are eternal & unchanging since they are neither sensible nor physical 4 Forms exist eternally in a separate realm; they do not exist in sensible/ physical objects Forms known by reason, not sensation Forms are (like) Exemplars or Perfect Models Expressed by good definitions Laws of Science, Morality, Mathematics Abstract Designs or I nstruction Sets 5 Forms are the natural targets or objects of the rational faculty = the soul Knowledge is the activity for which the rational faculty is designed Knowing the forms is the aim of the rational faculty Knowing the forms constitutes happiness for the rational faculty = the soul = the self 6 Hierarchy of Being & Value Governs the Universe Forms are more real than physical or sensible objects Forms are eternal Forms determine the physical...
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phaedo & republic lecture - 1 The Forms and the...

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