Aristotle - Aristotle Aristotle 384-322 BC born in Stagira in northern Greece Plato's student in the Academy Leaves Athens after Plato's death in

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1 Aristotle Aristotle: 384-322 BC born in Stagira in northern Greece maps: http://www.plato-dialogues.org/tools/gk_wrld.htm http://iam.classics.unc.edu/map/download/area_a7_outline.pdf Plato’s student in the Academy Leaves Athens after Plato’s death in 347 BC Teaches Alexander for 3 years Returns to Athens in 335BC & establishes the Lyceum Alexander dies in 323 BC, when Aristotle flees Athens
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2 Range of Aristotle’s Work Virtually all areas of philosophy metaphysics (note the term) epistemology logic protoscience: physics, biology, astronomy
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3 Plato v Aristotle The General Structure of Universe Plato’s two realms the world of forms the world of sensible objects Aristotle’s unified universe forms exist only in individual objects = substances
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4 Plato v Aristotle Knowledge Plato’s nativism Aristotle’s empiricism Self Plato: individual souls are immortal Aristotle: soul is immortal but not individualized or personalized
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5 The Problem of Change Plato, Parmenides & Zeno deny the reality of change They variously hold that the sensible world is “illusory” Aristotle accepts the reality of the changing, physical world & needs a fundamental principle to accommodate change
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6 Matter Matter = Pure Potentiality that which, in itself, is nothing but which can become anything compare malleable clay that which permits persistence through change compare the enduring clay that which is unintelligible but fundamental???
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7 Form Form = Pure Actuality that which disciplines, directs, constrains matter shape of the malleable clay that which makes matter become what is real exists in what is real even in sensible objects
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8 Substance Particular objects = what really exists
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2008 for the course TRAD 104 taught by Professor Freeble during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Aristotle - Aristotle Aristotle 384-322 BC born in Stagira in northern Greece Plato's student in the Academy Leaves Athens after Plato's death in

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