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notes Feb14 - o In 1977 – homosexuality was removed as a...

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Psychological disorders How do we define whether something is a psychological disorder The behavior or thought pattern must be: Unusual for that persons culture Disturbing to that person Maladaptive (dysfunctional) Danger to themselves or others Note: “insane” is a legal term not a psychological term Medical model Mental illness o Diagnosis o Treatment o Cure DSM IV – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV Pros: Helps develop a vocabulary Helps define disorders Cons: Self-fulfilling prophecy o Discrimination (housing, jobs) o Rosenhan (1973) How do changes occur in the DMS? Breakthroughs in science o In 1956 Evelyn Hooker published an empirical paper showing no difference in the mental health of gay and straight men o Debate continued until the 1970s
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Unformatted text preview: o In 1977 – homosexuality was removed as a disorder Schizophrenia • Schizophrenia: a group of disorders characterized by: o Auditory hallucinations o Delusion o Disorganized thinking – conversational “word salad” o Inappropriate emotions • What schizophrenia is not: o NOT multiple personality disorder o Roses are red, violets are blue, I’m schizophrenic, and so am I. • Who: o 1 in 100 people will develop schizophrenia o It hits often during adolescence or young adulthood o Effects men and women in equal amounts o Mother with flu during first trimester leads to a higher chance of schizophrenia Anxiety disorder: • Generalized anxiety disorder: continually tense, worried, and aroused •...
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