apology&crito - (428-348 BC) Plato Athenian...

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1 Plato  (428-348 BC) Athenian philosopher “Student” of Socrates Aristotle’s teacher Founded the Academy (Closed 525 AD; Justinian) Composed many (preserved) dialogues on morality,  metaphysics and epistemology
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2 The Apology Ostensibly, the story of Socrates’ trial Also represents Socrates’ conception of human nature as  essentially rational Background to the trial Athenian democracy Socrates the gadfly Mocked in Aristophanes’ The Clouds Socrates’ “inner voice” Apollo’s Oracle at Delphi “No one is wiser than Socrates” Certainly not prominent Athenians » Neither politicians nor writers » Writers as “clairvoyants”!
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3 The Charges Against Socrates From early rumor (Aristophanes):  makes the false appear true Socrates proclaims to know hidden and profound  (mystical) truths Current formal charge (Meletus, Anytus, Lycon) impiety practices new (unsanctioned) religion does not recognize the State’s gods corruption of youth
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4 Result of trial Socrates’ sentenced to execution expectation of exile Plato’s rejection of democracy in the Republic Socrates’ defense Against the rumor (Aristophanes) Socrates denies any special wisdom expect that he knows his  own ignorance Admits he’s embarrassed the pompous
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5 Socrates’ Defense Against impiety Socrates recognizes some gods (e.g. Apollo) even if other  philosophers (Anaxagoras) don’t Socrates recognizes the Oracle of Delphi (Apollo’s  representative) who says that no one is wiser than  Socrates Accusation of practice of new religion implies Socrates  recognizes some gods, which contradicts accusation of  atheism
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6 Socrates’ Defense Against corruption of youth This is the critical accusation Socratic Paradox as defense all normal humans are rational rational creatures are designed to seek only value, only  what is good, only what is right rational creatures can’t be bad emotion
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7 Socratic Paradox
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2008 for the course TRAD 104 taught by Professor Freeble during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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apology&crito - (428-348 BC) Plato Athenian...

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