HIST106 f04 exam1

HIST106 f04 exam1 - HISTORY 106 - Modern Western...

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Unformatted text preview: HISTORY 106 - Modern Western Civilization ‘ Name_ ' PLEASE WRITE ALL ANSWERS ON THE TEST. USE A PEN. “ Q PART I: I f / g) Please answer the following questions by circling either a, b, c, or d. (2 points each) ,l./ French absolutism was limited by a. an incompetent bureaucracy. @neffectual leadership. b._t_he_ @imctun'. . religious turmoil. 2. A primary cause of the Glorious Revolution was the . conflict over sovereignty between Charles II and Parliament. fear of a Catholic dynasty being established in England. . economic dislocation that had resulted from the English civil war. d. social mobility in England throughout the seventeenth century 3. Absolutism was adopted by all of the following states in eastern 3. Russia. 0. Prussia. Poland. . -~ (1. Austria. / e founder of the Prussian absolutist state was Frederick William 1, (Soldiers’ King) ‘c. Frederick William, the Great Elector. . Frederick 11, the Great. d. Frederick III, the Ostentatious. 5. e ideas of the Enlightenment were spread in large part in the salons of enlightened women. c. at the University of St. Petersburg. b. by scholarly journals. d. through church doctrine. /6./. The key feature of Newton‘s synthesis was the law of- , a. universal gravitation. c. planetary motion. b. reciprocity. nstant acceleration. 7. Rousseau’s educational philosophy reflected his belief that a. individual freedom is a dangerous concept. b. men and women are equal. ‘ c. individuals are born wicked and must be reformed by society. people are innater good. K I e key to the agricultural revolution was the expropriation of noble and church lands. b. the elindnationof fallow lands. 0. in'ETeaSed animal husbandry. d. the introduction of the three-field system. 9. During the Reign of Terror, France was ruled by the a. Estates General. 0. Directory. b. Consulate. @Committee of Public Safety. 10. The social group that benefited most from the Revolution and Napoleon were the middle class and the a. sans~culottes. c. aristocracy. ® peasants. d. PART 11: Choose four of the following and identify each term with respect to who, what, when, and where. Explain the historical significance of each. (10 points each) Sully Voltaire Catherine the Great John Locke Junkers Great Northern War Habsburg Dynasty Johannes Kepler Thomas Jefferson Estates—General . Sans—culottes Enlightenment was" “r PART 1]]: Compare and contrast one of the following pairs, identifying each and emphasizing at least three similarities or dissimilarities. (15 points) James I -‘ Louis XIV Jacobins - Girondists Frederick 11 - Joseph H PART IV: Please choose one of the following questions and answer it in depth. (25 points) 1. "Louis XIV is the greatest example of royal absolutism." Discuss the accuracy of this statement. How did the Sun King promote absolutism? In what ways was Louis limited? 2. Some monarchs of the eighteenth century have been called enlightened despots. Who were these rulers? Why are they referred to as enlightened? How did they and their policies differ from absolute monarchs? Were they really enlightened? Explain your answer. ' 3. Trace and discuss the course of the scientific revolution. Was it really a revolution? f How did the authorities, secular and religious, at the time react to this phenomenon? 4. Compare the origins of the American and French revolutions. In what ways do the factors behind each revolution reflect the situation in each country? How did these factors influence the course of each revolution? - ' ...
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This test prep was uploaded on 02/15/2008 for the course HIST 106 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '04 term at UCSD.

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HIST106 f04 exam1 - HISTORY 106 - Modern Western...

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