BritishHistoryExamOneReview

BritishHistoryExamOneReview - Review 2/28/2008 2:38:00 AM...

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Review 28/02/2008 03:38:00 Robert Jenkins Captain for British English were violating Asiento agreement with Spain Spanish Costa-Guardas seized English ships Guarda-Costas cut off Jenkin’s ear, told him to show ear to King Charles Asiento Agreement between England and Spain limiting English slave trade to 4800  each year and one 500 ton trading ship to Vera Cruz Restoration settlement Between parliament and crown  Oliver Cromwell English leader from 1649-1660 (after Charles I was executed until Charles II  ascended throne) Led a military dictatorship Stopped the Great Irish Rebellion of 1641-49; Scottish rebellion Transplantation of Connaught Anglican Louis XIV French king, most powerful monarch in Europe Made agreement w/ Charles II giving money o Convert to Catholicism o Diversion of Indulgence
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o War with the Dutch Restoration of Anglican Church Restoration settlement reestablished archbishops and bishops Created church taxes, everybody paid their parish Act of Uniformity of 1662 Book of common prayer Part of Clarendon Code Aimed at protestant dissenters Duke of Newcastle Given his position Worked with Walpole to start golden age Later, started coalition against Walpole during war Clarendon Code 4 laws that repressed nonconformists Act of Uniformity Corporations Act 5 mile act o targeted preachers and teachers o forbidden to go within a corporate town anywhere in England or within  5 miles of where they taught o no jobs (one more)
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tougher on paper than enforced decline in number and social status of protestant dissenters Declarations of Indulgence, 1662 and 1672 Charles II- could rule out a law against somebody if he wanted to Response to Clarendon code Eventually ruled out; parliament didn’t like the monarch abusing the  dispensing power Queen Catherine of Braganza Charles II’s queen Catholic Popish Plot w/ Titus Oates Titus Oates Tories Thomas Osborne leader  “Irish Bandit” preserve royal prerogative hereditary succession to throne in male line associated w/ Jacobitism Whig “Scottish Horse thief” Anthony Cooper
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o Worked for succession of protestant monarch, exclusion of James II  and supremacy of parliament o Active in parliament Exclusion Crisis 1679-81 Charles II made laws to attempt to keep James II (Catholic) from throne Kept dissolving parliament After popish plot
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BritishHistoryExamOneReview - Review 2/28/2008 2:38:00 AM...

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