Patterson11_sg_ch08 - Chapter 8 Political Parties Candidates and Campaigns Defining the Voter's Choice Chapter 8 Political Parties Candidates and

Patterson11_sg_ch08 - Chapter 8 Political Parties...

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Chapter 8: Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns: Defining the Voter's Choice Chapter 8 Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns:Defining the Voter’s Choice Chapter Outline I. Party Competition and Majority Rule: The History of U.S. Parties A.The First Parties B.Andrew Jackson and Grassroots Parties C.Republicans versus Democrats: Realignments and the Enduring Party System D.Today’s Party Alignment and Its OriginsE.Parties and the Vote II. Electoral and Party Systems A. The Plurality (Single-Member-District) System of Election B. Politics and Coalitions in the Two-Party System 1. Seeking the Center, Without Losing the Support of the Party Faithful 2. Party Coalitions C. Minor (Third) Parties III. Party Organizations A. The Weakening of Party Organizations B. The Structure and Role of Party Organizations 1. Local Party Organizations 2. State Party Organizations 3. National Party Organizations IV. The Candidate-Centered Campaign A. Campaign Funds: The Money Chase B. Organization and Strategy: Political Consultants C. Voter Contacts: Pitched Battle 1. Air Wars 2. Ground Wars 3. Web Wars 4. In Retrospect: The Consequences of the Last War V. Parties, Candidates, and the Public’s Influence Learning Objectives Having read the chapter, you should be able to do each of the following: 1. Describe the role of political parties in democratic political systems. 2. Trace the evolution of the American two-party system and discuss the dynamics of realigning or critical elections. 3. Discuss the role and nature of minor parties in American politics. Patterson, The American Democracy, 11e SG 8 | 1
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Chapter 8: Political Parties, Candidates, and Campaigns: Defining the Voter's Choice 4. Explain the endurance of the two-party system and describe the obstacles inherent in the American electoral system that prevent minor parties from successfully competing for governing power. 5. Compare and contrast the American two-party system and the more common multiparty system with regard to popular representation and accountability. Discuss the influence of each system on coalition building and public policy formulation. 6. Offer reasons for the organizational weakness of American political parties and the decline in their influence as compared to the powerful role of parties in European politics. 7. Detail the structure and role of party organizations at the local, state, and national levels, how they interact with each other, and the degree to which they influence election campaigns. 8. Describe the effects of the decline of parties in favor of more candidate-centered campaigns, and the effect of candidate-centered campaigns on popular influence on government, and list other methods through which segments of the public exert control over candidate nomination, election, and policy implementation.
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