questions_9_&_10

questions_9_&_10 - 9. Though some of the building...

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9. Though some of the building blocks of the Welfare State in Britain can be found either before World War I or in the interwar period, this set of welfare institutions was mostly the work of the Labour government of 1945-50. So acceptable were these institutions to the British electorate that the Conservatives found it politically expedient to expand them while they were in power from 1951 to 1964. Discuss. Before WWI and the Inter War years o National Insurance Act of 1907 Workers get sick time Work of the Labour Government from 1945-1950 o National Insurance Act of 1946 Benefits from employment Death Maternity Widowhood Retirement Universal and Comprehensive No proof of poverty Some problems Gaps in coverage No escalator clause o Did not cover inflation Self-employment was not covered o No unemployment o Some did not get sickness o National Health Act Did not have a immediate impact Optical and dental services provided to anyone This was regardless of class Paid by taxes Mostly free o Depended on the services BMA: British Medical Association Condemned socialized medicine Contested problems Shunting of doctors No abolishment of private practices No exclusivity of private practices Doctors and hospitals were flooded o Lead to doctors going into rural areas Aneurin Bevin, the minister of health Promised that all issues would not occur anymore
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All the things that the doctors wanted they got Effects This along with the NIA forced the conservatives to push through actions o Housing Rent control Extended the control private landlords 800,000 new apartment houses 160,000 prefabs o Essentially mobile homes 300,000 conversions o Still fall short of the needs because of the destruction and growth after the war o Things against the welfare state Food rationing Go below wartime levels between 1947-1948 Clothing rationing Even for the royals Gas and electricity Especially during the harsh winter 1946-1947 No gas in civilian cars Essentially everything was constricted between this time Conservatives from 1951-1964 o Council Houses (government houses) Public housing WITH REGARDS TO THE CONSERVATIVES, BEN TOLD ME HAT YOU NEED TO EXPLAIN WHY THEY CONTINUED WITH WHAT THE LABOUR PARTY STARTED. HE SAID THAT YOU COULD TALK BREIFLY ABOUT THE PUBLIC HOUSES WHICH DONNELLY DID NOT SPEAK ABOUT MUCH. 10. Though there was much evidence that the British Empire was under serious strain even before 1914, it was dramatically weakened by the impact of the two world wars of the twentieth century. After 1945 the rulers of Britain took numerous actions, which demonstrated that the heyday of empire was clearly over. Discuss. After WWI
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questions_9_&_10 - 9. Though some of the building...

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