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10346657.ppt - JUDITH M. WILKINSON LESLIE S. TREAS KAREN...

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JUDITH M. WILKINSONLESLIE S. TREASKAREN BARNETTMABLE H. SMITHFUNDAMENTALS OFFUNDAMENTALS OFNURSINGNURSINGCopyright ©2016F.A. Davis CompanyChapter 34:Chapter 34:Sleep & RestSleep & Rest
Copyright ©2016F.A. Davis CompanySleep Versus RestSleepCyclical states/altered consciousnessDecreased motor activity/perceptionSelective response to external stimuliRestMild to no activityRelaxation; stress freeLeads to feeling refreshed
Copyright ©2016F.A. Davis CompanyBenefits of SleepIncreasesmental performanceImproves learningHelps the storage oflong-term memoryRestores energyImproves ability tocopeStrengthens theimmune system
Copyright ©2016F.A. Davis CompanyTerms to KnowCircadian rhythmInternal clock24-hour day-nightsleep/wake patternAffects overall levelof functioningReticular activatingsystemStages of sleepNREMREM
Copyright ©2016F.A. Davis CompanyFactors Affecting SleepAgeLifestyle factorsPhysical activityFood and alcoholMedicationsCaffieneSleep habitsAn illnessEnvironmentalfactorsTemperatureand humidityNoise and lightNoxious odorComfort of bedding
Copyright ©2016F.A. Davis CompanyCommon Sleep DisordersInsomniaInability to fall or remain asleep or go back tosleepCircadian disordersAbnormality in sleep/wake times (e.g., jet lag,working night shift, rotating shifts)
Copyright ©2016F.A. Davis CompanyCommon Sleep Disorders(cont’d)Restless leg syndromeUncontrollable movement of legs duringsleep/restHypersomniaExcessive sleeping (especially during daytime)Sleep related or disease relatedCan be related to depression
Copyright ©2016F.A. Davis CompanyCommon Sleep Disorders(cont’d)Sleep apneaPeriodic breathing cessation for at least10 sec during sleepNarcolepsyChronic disorder caused by the brain’sineffectiveness in regulating sleep-wake cyclesnormallyUncontrollable episodes of sleep during the day
Copyright ©2016F.A. Davis CompanyCommon Sleep Disorders(cont’d)ParasomniasSleepwalking/talkingBruxismNight terrorsREM sleep behavior disturbancesEnuresis
Copyright ©2016F.A. Davis CompanyPromoting Sleep: NursingInterventionsCluster/schedulenursingcare to avoidinterrupting sleep.Create a comfortable/restful environment.Promotecomfort/relaxation.Support bedtimerituals/routines.

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