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Transcript Memory - Part I.docx - Memory – Part I...

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Memory – Part ITranscriptHello and welcome. My name is Kirsty Vondeling and today’s podcast will explore memory.By the end of this topic you should be able to:• Identify and describe the stages of memory;• Identify and examine factors that can influence storage and retrieval of memory;• Explore and apply memory processes to demonstrate how people present and interactin health and human services settings; and• Explore and apply memory processes to demonstrate how to facilitate change in peoplein health and human service settings.Remembering may be many things: what I said one minute ago, what you studied in theprevious study period or the capital of Greece. Put simply, memory is the process ofmaintaining information over time.Gerrig and colleagues define memory as “the mental capacity to encode, store and retrieveinformation”. Human memory doesn’t exist in isolation - the brain isn’t just responsible formemorising things but also for processing data and acting on data. Memory is a complexprocess which involves the interactions between the brain, behaviour and the environment.Memory is closely related to learning. For example, you learn a new language by studying it,but you then speak it by using your memory to retrieve the words that you have learned.Memory is essential to all learning, because it lets you store and retrieve the informationthat you learn. Memory is basically nothing more than the record left by a learning process.Thus, memory depends on learning. But learning also depends on memory, because theknowledge stored in your memory provides the framework to which you link newknowledge, by association. And the more extensive your framework of existing knowledge,the more easily you can link new knowledge to it.Memory depends on three sequential processes: encoding, storage, and retrieval. Encodingrefers to the processing of incoming information that can be committed to memory. Storagerefers to the maintenance of information in memory. And retrieval refers to the ability toaccess or recall stored information so that it can be used. Some theorists have drawn ananalogy between these processes and elements of information processing by computers asdepicted in the slides.There are various factors which can impact the storage of memory. Interference is one – it issometimes difficult to remember something if you have been trying to memorise similarinformation, for example words which sound similar. Interference can either be proactive or

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