Constitutional Law II Highlights, Rules, and Theories

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Constitutional Law II Highlights, rules and theories Equal protection Purpose of eq. protection is to "root out archaic and overbroad stereotypes."  Treat likes alike. "Our Constitution is color-blind."  - J. Harlan, dissent, in  Plessey . "There are no castes here." - J. Harlan, dissent, in  Plessey Is there  state action ? o What’s the  classification  done by the legislation? [FAMI] Is the classification merely social welfare (police powers - health & safety) or  economic legislation (business regulations)?  Mere rationality  - one-step-at-a-time  ( Railway Express Agency Lee Optical ) Is the legis.  facially neutral  with regards to suspect classes? [ F] Was there discriminatory  motive  or  intent?  [ MI ] Must have discriminatory  intent to reach strict scrutiny in legislation that's otherwise neutral.  o Otherwise intermed. scrutiny UNLESS RAN classification. Is there discrimination in administration?  [A]  Yick, [strict scr.] o What's  standard of review/scrutiny ? o Does the classification serve the  purpose  of legislation? Do the means fit the ends? [Tailoring?] STATE ACTION - POLICIES BEING SERVED BY STATE ACTION REQUIREMENT •  Individual Autonomy  - Privacy  •  Federalism  - Preservation between states and federal Govt. •  Separation of Powers  - give Congress due.   -  Parks, elections, utility (no?), company town…  fire, police, tax collection if delegated? TWO BASIC categories of indicia of state action 1. Public function      - Is private actor sufficiently like the state to be "state action"  a. Activity must be a " traditionally " and " exclusively " reserved state function. ( Jackson)  i.  Running a company  town  ( Marsh ), a municipal  park  ( Newton ), or an  election  ( White Primary Cases ). 1. but  not  running a shopping center ( Hudgens ), a regulated utility  ( Jackson ), or resolving private disputes ( Flagg Brothers .).  2. Nexus/ Significant state involvement      – use of courts (Shelly v. Kraemer), yes a. No state action if private landowner throws out and police enforce. b. Joint participation/state symbiosis qualifies as state action – ( Burton ) Very fact specific.   c. Licensing – Alone is NOT state action. ( Moose Lodge ) "Significant" State Involvement" -- Summary The Court has found state action to  exist  in cases of: [ JES ]  Joint participation  with the State ( Lugar/Edmonson )  State encouragement , ratification, or enforcement of discriminatory private action that would be  //home/vdimitrov/9236/387afaf5c5afe1b71a52695fc0fac57ae5245e14.doc 1
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Constitutional Law II Highlights, rules and theories unconstitutional if undertaken by state officials ( Shelly v. Kraemer ).
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