ConLaw2 OnePage Outline-RS

ConLaw2 OnePage Outline-RS - ConLaw 2 Prof T Zick Spring...

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ConLaw 2 - Prof. T. Zick GET TO THE POINT - KEEP MOVING - DON'T STOP - WATCH THE TIME Spring 2003 R. Santalesa Equal Protection a. State action -  i. P ublic function  ii. S ignificant state involvement b. Clasification c. Purpose of legislation d. LEVEL OF SCRUTINY 2. Equality principle -  a. Three Principles Affirm. Action i. Skepticism - race-specific  classification, our Constitution is color- blind, STRICT SCRUTINY. ii. Consistency - If you're using race  apply it consistency to all. iii. Congruence - State or Congress is  use the same standard 3. Standards of Review a. Rational Basis /Mere ration. (econ./social) i. Rational basis to effect a legitimate  state purpose. ii. Governmental  function exception b. Intermediate Scrutiny  (Gender/Illegit.) i.  Substantial relation to effect an  important state purpose. ii. May require an "exceedingly  persuasive justification" (J.E.B.,  Hogan, Virginia) iii. Justification must be the "actual"  purpose, not post hoc. c. Strict (Race, Alien., Nat, fund. right) i. Necessary to effect a compelling state  purpose, and no lesser discriminatory  means available ii. If non-suspect class but if facially  discriminatory, administration [{Yick  Wo], motive and intent. iii. Fundamental rights get strict 4. "Congruence and proportionality"  a. between injury to be prevented/remedied and  the means adopted to that end (Boerne,  i. Record of findings and debates ii. Reach and scope of statue iii. Must be an unconstitutional violation.  5. Historical 4 classes - See  Carolone Products  FN 4 a. Historical Purpose of Eq. Pro. clause: b. History of Pervasive Discrimination c. Political Process/ Representation d. Rational Equality FIRST AMENDMENT   Overbreadth Vagueness, PR 6. Philosophies - [ SAT ] a. Self-government b. Autonomy, self-fulfillment c. Truth seeking 7. Overbreadth       Results  in facial invalidity a. Construction  by state court (state laws) or  federal courts (federal laws) may narrow scope. b.  Overbreadth is exception  to  standing  requirement. c. Rationales      for standing exception and facial  invalidation via overbreadth: i. Statute would otherwise chill speech  of third parties ii. Danger of selective enforcement d. Substantial   overbreadth   is required  [particularly regarding conduct as expressive  speech] ( Broadrick ) 8. Vagueness         Results  in facial invalidity a. Test : A law is vague on its face if persons " of  common intelligence must necessarily guess at  its meaning and differ as to its application”  ( Connally) i. Rationales     : Issue of fair notice,  selective enforcement and chill 9. Prior restraints          
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This note was uploaded on 02/15/2008 for the course LAW 1050 taught by Professor Shea during the Spring '04 term at St. Johns Duplicate.

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ConLaw2 OnePage Outline-RS - ConLaw 2 Prof T Zick Spring...

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