Be prepared for a visit from OSHAScott ClarkIf you own a business, you can eventually expect an unannounced visit from an OSHA inspector. These visits aren't social. These inspectors are charged with inspecting your business for potential health and safety violations, and they will expect access to the entire facility. OSHA stands for Occupational Safety and Health Administration. It is organized within the Labor Department and is charged with setting and enforcing workplace safety and health standards. OSHA inspectors (or its state representatives in the 26 states that conduct their own health and safety inspections) conduct periodic random inspections of businesses. The agency also focuses on businesses where there have been serious accidents or reports of imminent job dangers, accidents or illnesses. In fiscal year 2001, federal and state inspectors conducted approximately 92,000 inspections, found 220,000 workplace violations, and assessed more than $156 million in penalties. Of this total, 82 percent were classified as "willful" or "serious" violations.