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Sakina IbrahimMaor Levitin (Tutorial 3)Test 1 SubmissionPOLS 2100 3.0 Introduction to Canadian PoliticsMay 31, 2021Part 1:2.Unitary vs Federal Political SystemsA state in which all of a country's power is focused in a single centralised government is knownas a unitary political system. Unitary states can be centralised, decentralised, or regionalized;France is an excellent example. The concept "federal political system" refers to a wide range ofpolitical systems in which two or more branches of government work together to unite orconnect laws through compliant organisations. There appear to be two probable explanations forfederal states. To recognise and defend distinctions, one option is to use constitutional andinstitutional procedures. (David., 2010). Another is to permit territorial growth whileguaranteeing that the new territory is well-managed, stable and in control. (David, 2010). Forexample, Canada is a double federation where everything is based on society and territory, forexample, Francophones and Anglophones). The federal democratic system of Canada faces aproblem in balancing the often-opposing goals of purpose and safety (David, 2010).(Lecture 2) Smith, David E. 2010. Canada: A Double Federation.3.Patriation
Changes in political and economic power led to changes in the country's constitution, as calls forpower transfers expanded and spread throughout Quebec, despite the fact that other provinceswere largely uninterested. The federal government reacted and decided to respond by conveningconstitutional change conferences to discuss a new power distribution and to emphasis on thecharter of rights and freedoms. There were numerous talks, negotiations and disagreements abouthow power should be apportioned and distributed within governments, and eight provincialgovernments, otherwise known as the "gang of eight" were opposed to it. In 1980, PierreTrudeau's administration attempted to patriate the constitution. All provinces except Quebecapproved the agreement on April 17, 1982, and the constitution was formally patriated.

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