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1Identity and the Forces of GlobalizationSocial 10-1 Chapter 2Chapter Issue: To what extent do identity and the forces ofglobalization shape each other?What are some Forces of Globalization?p. 44-49Trade as a Globalizing ForcePeople trade with one another to obtain goods and services that areNot available in their own regionBetter quality or less expensiveDifferent from goods produced at homeAtransnational corporation, also called amultinational corporation, isa company that is based in one country while developing andmanufacturing its products, or delivering its goods and services, inmore than one country.Examples include Wal-Mart, Nike, Coca-Cola, McDonaldsTransnational corporations play an important role in globalization asthey provide training and jobs for people who might not otherwisehave work.Critics say these jobs are“McJobs”– low level positions that requirelittle skill and provide few opportunities to advance.Critics also say that the profits made by transnational corporations goto the home country where their headquarters are set up and hostcountries do not benefit from these profits.Transportation as a Globalizing ForceTransportation is essential to trade.Containers(introduced in the late 1950s) revolutionized world trade.40% of world’s trade is shipped in containers – at any time about 18million containers are moving across the world’s oceans.Containers have made it cheaper and faster to ship goods as they canbe/areLoaded easier and faster with cranesSealedEasier to keep track ofCommunication Technology as a Globalizing ForceComputersrevolutionized the way information flows
2Digital technologyhas also led to devices such as cellphones, MP3s,and digital cameras.TheInternetis a network that connects millions of personalcomputers around the world.TheWorld Wide Web(developed in the 1990s) is a system ofInternet servers that link documents to other documents.The WWW allows us to seek out businesses anywhere in the world.The Media as a Globalizing ForceMedia concentration and media convergence have changed the waynewspapers, TV and cable services operate.

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