Unit 4 - Unit 4 Chapters 11-15 Chapter 11 The Legislative...

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Unit 4: Chapters 11-15 Chapter 11: The Legislative Branch Introduction It was designed to be the branch of the government that was to develop the republic and it was the only branch where the people directly elect members of at least on House; presidents are chosen by an elite set of electors Established by the Connecticut Compromise with the House based on population and the Senate with two equal members Organization and Structure of Congress The two houses meet for terms of two years beginning on January 3 rd of odd numbered years and each term is divided into two one year sessions The president may call special sessions in the case of a national emergency Each house of Congress chooses its own leadership and determines its own rules House Structure 435 members set in 1929, elected for two year terms from districts based on populations Speaker of the House is elected by majority vote of members and is a members of majority party Majority leader is chosen by the majority party to represent goals and policies Majority whip is the assistant to the majority leader and functioning as an agenda setter, group communicator, and issue planner Committee Chairpersons are from majority party and form the legislative calendar, committee hearings, and bill priorities; Rules Committee members are chosen by leaders to make the rules of debate and amendment options for bills The House Rules Committee can make or break a piece of legislation when it restricts or loosens the time frame of debate The Minority Leader is the leader of the opposition minor party The Minority Whip is the assistant to the Minority Leaders and liaison The House Republican Conference guides GOP bills and agendas The House Democratic Caucus guides Democratic bills and agendas Senate Structure
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100 members elected for a six-year term from the entire state, two per state, 33 or 34 elected every two years The President of the Senate is the Vice- President and can monitor debate, count electoral votes, and vote to break a 50-50 tie The President Pro- Tempore serves when the Vice- President is not available. It is most likely a ceremonial role given to the majority party senators with the longest tenure- Patrick Leahy Majority Leader is elected by majority party to lead procedures and set agenda Majority Assistant (Whip) has same as the House Committee Chairpersons can wield power over when bills are debated, how they are debated, or even if they will be debated Minority Leaders leads the interests of the minority party Minority Assistant (Whip) is the same as the House Each party has a Conference Caucus that guides policies and agendas for parties House age requirement is 25, citizen for 7 years, and live in district- state represented Senate age is 30, citizen for 9 years, and live in the state Election to Congress House of Representatives Apportionment
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