Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Key Terms Age discrimination When...

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Chapter 1: Key Terms Age discrimination - When people act on the basis of negative stereotypes, or when people are denied opportunities because they are old. One of the most common occurs in the workplace, when employers refuse to hire older workers. Ageism also occurs in health care. There is substantial evidence that the elderly receive differential treatment physicians compared to younger elder adults. Ageism - Refers to a set of beliefs about the aged. It involves two kinds of activities. The first is discrimination. The second is prejudice, which refers to negative stereotypes about older people. Chronological Age - Often useful for making clear decisions about whom to include as subjects in a study, chronological age can also be an arbitrary marker. EX: In the U.S 65 is the age that is most often considered old because that is when people have become eligible for full Social Security benefits and Medicare. Cohort- The aggregate of individuals who experienced the same event within the same time interval. Cohort Aging- The continuous advancement of a cohort from one age category to another over its life span. Cohort Effect- A difference due to the experiences or characteristics of the particular cohort to which an individual belongs. Frail Elderly - Older people who depend on others for carrying out their daily activities; they show some mental or physical deterioration and need care from family members. Functional Age - A definition of age based on how people look and what they can do; in functional terms, a person becomes old when he or she can no longer perform the major roles of adulthood. Generation - A term applied to studies of family process; it refers to kinship links. Gerontology - The scientific study of the biological, psychological and social aspects of aging. Medicaid - Enacted in 1965; a program of health insurance for the poor; pays a large share of nursing home costs. Medicaid eligibility rules are complex, however, and vary from state to state. Long-term care remains an unfilled need. Medicare- Enacted in 1965, a national health insurance program for all people 65 or older who are eligible for Social Security; granted as an automatic right to all qualified workers and their spouses. It pays for hospital care and physicians’ services as well as some of the costs of prescription drugs.
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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Key Terms Age discrimination When...

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