Chapter 25 - Study Guide Ch 25 Balkan crisis Mobilization...

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Study Guide Ch. 25 Balkan crisis Mobilization – part of Militarism. Large armies were based off this. Ultimatums - the threat to declare war, to take other military action or to impose sanctions such as trade restrictions or embargoes. Central Powers - Germany, Austria, and the Ottoman Empire; Italy had left the the Triple Alliance, joining France, Great Britain, and Russia, while the Ottoman Empire joined Germany and Austria in 1914. Conscription – armies were mostly based off of it. MAIN causes of WWI – Imperialism, Militarism, Nationalism. Immediate cause of WWI – assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand “blank check” Black Hand - Serbian terrorist organization responsible for the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand; dedicated to the creation of a pan-Slavic kingdom. Franz Ferdinand Gavrillo Princip - Bosnian activist; assassinated Archduke Ferdinand in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914. Schlieffen Plan - German military plan based on the assumption of a two-front war with both Russia and France, as the two countries had formed a military alliance; under this plan, Germany could not solely mobilize its troops against Russia and therefore declared war on France. General Joseph Joffre New technologies of WWI – tanks, machine gun, poison gas. Trench warfare - Warfare in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from a relatively permanent system of trenches protected by barbed wire; characteristic of WWI, especially the Western Front. Lusitania - British passenger ship sunk by German forces in the British Isles; more than 100 Americans lost their lives, compelling the American goverment to force the Germans to modify their policy of unrestricted submarine warfare; in an effort to starve the British into submission, the Germans returned to unrestricted submarine warfare in 1917, in response, the United States entered the war.
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