Chapter 29 - Chapter 29.1 Dtente(period of easing a...

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Chapter 29.1 Détente (period of easing a formerly tense situation) – begin 1970s 1972 – Antiballistic Missile treaty between US & USSR - symbol of lessening tensions between the United States, and the USSR. They were building up their nuclear arms, and had invented an ABM (antiballistic missile), there purpose was to hit and destroy incoming missiles. This treaty effectively limited the allowance of production of the ABM’s and signaled as a huge symbol of Détente. 1975 – Helsinki Accords (Agreements) – 35 nations present - another example of reduced tensions between the United States and Soviet Russia. These accords recognized the borders of all central and Eastern Europe that had been established since the end of WWII. Thereby acknowledging the Soviet sphere of influence in Europe. Also demanded that signing countries recognize to protect the civil and human rights of their citizens. Communist countries must give rights, 1980s – reapplying pressure 1980 – U.S. (Reagan) begins new arms race Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) “Star Wars” - created a space shield that could destroy incoming missiles. Built by Reagan who lit an old fire reviving tensions between the USSR and the US by starting a military buildup again. Soviets worry about a U.S. that can launch ICBMs but not be harmed by them – violation of Helsinki Accords Policies of Carter: Tried to protect human rights, even though he hardened relations by supporting Afghanistan. Withdrew the US out of the Olympics in Moscow, and placed an embargo on American grain to Russia. Policies of Reagan: return to harsh rhetoric of the Cold War. He started a renewed arm race and the SDI. Also supported Afghan insurgents.
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Chapter 29.2 Revolution in the Soviet Union USSR great for military/industry; terrible for people (rights, food) Significant players in USSR human rights: 1958 Boris Pasternak – Dr. Zhivago – govt. refuses to let him receive Nobel Prize – exposed Soviet life 1970 – Alexander Solzhenitsyn – Gulag Archipelago –terrors of concentration camps – not allowed his Nobel Prize – deported – furor over treatment of Jews
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  • Fall '13
  • Mrs.Leonard
  • Dr. Zhivago, secret police force, Helsinki Accords

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