Chapter 21 - Ch 21 Study Guide Congress of Vienna Tried to...

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Ch. 21 Study Guide Congress of Vienna- Tried to maintain balance of powers of Europe. Swapped the territories in Europe to keep the powers balanced. Metternich- He was a conservatist and didn’t like revolutions. Created the Principle of Intervention: Intervened with rebellions and crushed them to restore legitimate monarchies. Conservatism- A belief that went around during the time rejecting change. They generally Favored obedience to political authority, believed organized religion was crucial to social order, hated revolutionary upheavals, and were unwilling to accept either the liberal demands for civil liberties and representative government. Greek Revolt- This was the only successful revolt in the European countries because the Great Powers supported this revolt against the Turks instead of crushing it. Burschenschaften- Student Societies dedicated to fostering the goal towards the goal of a free united Germany. Pursued many activities that alarmed German governments Karlsbad Decrees- Started because a student assassinated a reactionary playwright. Metternich started Karlsbad Decrees which closed off the Burschenschaften, provided censorship if the press, and placed the universities under close supervision and control. Smith Malthus- Wrote “Essay on the principles of population”. Say when population is unchecked, increases in geometric ratio while the food supply correspondingly increases only in an arithmetic ratio. Result will be severe overpopulation which will then lead to starvation. He says nature imposes a major restraint and that misery and poverty were simply inevitable law of nature and no
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