Chapter 20 - Chapter 20 Industrial Revolution Study Guide...

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Chapter 20 Industrial Revolution Study Guide Industrial Revolution- began in Britain, huge quantum leap in industrial production Britain’s advantage- Britain started the Industrial revolution early and bought the equipment while it was still cheap. They also had more people working in the factories because there was a surplus in food making it easier to feed everyone (Agricultural Revolution) thus adding more labor force to the factories. Britain was also richly supplied with coal and iron ore. Since Britain was a small country it made transportation readily accessible. Enclosure Acts- When all the lands were joined together and the wealthy land owners took everything forcing the poor peasants to leave and go into urban areas. Britain’s infrastructure Richard Arkwright- invented the water frame Textile industry- took first step with the creation of modern factory. Main production was cotton. James Hargreaves- created the spinning jenny Samuel Crompton- created the mule which combined the aspects of the spinning jenny and the water frame Steam engine- revolutionized the production of cotton goods and caused the factory system to spread. It secured the triumph of the Industrial Revolution James Watt- asked to repair Newcomem’s engine but not only did he repair it he also added a separate condenser and steam pup transforming it into a genuine steam engine. New engine could pump 3 times as much as the
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