Chapter 18 - Chapter 18 Study Guide Balance of Power The...

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Chapter 18 Study Guide Balance of Power The policy in international relations by which, beginning in the eighteenth century, the major European states acted together to prevent any one of them from becoming too powerful. Louis XV Lazy and weak, influenced by ministers and mistresses, led to decline of prestige of the French monarchy p Cardinal Fleury Chief minister of Louis XV, tried to solve France's financial problems but didn't because France entered the War of Austrian Succession Madam de Pompadour Louis XV's most famous mistress who fully affected the outcomes in Louis XV cabinet sometimes made important domestic decisions House of Commons The lower house of Parliament which included wealthy landowners and rich business leaders that represent the middle class and are elected to office House of Lords The upper class of Parliament which included nobles and church leaders Robert Walpole Englishman and Whig statesman who (under George I) was effectively the first British prime minister (1676-1745)His position towards the colonies was salutary neglect. John Wilkes English reformer who published attacks on George III and supported the rights of the American colonists. William Pitt the Elder One of the key reasons England won the Seven Year's War. Served as prime minister under George I. William Pitt the Younger Son of Pitt the Elder; excellent prime minister; lot of parliamentary reform took place under him; removed restrictions on Catholics; very much for the abolition of slavery Frederick II reforms Less tax-collecting encouraging trade making of roads and canals Junkers Members of the Prussian landed aristocracy, a class formerly associated with political reaction and militarism. Maria Theresa This was the queen of Austria as a result of the Pragmatic Sanction.
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She limited the papacy's political influence in Austria, strengthened her central bureaucracy and cautiously reduced the power that nobles had over their serfs Joseph II
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