Chapter 12 - Jacob Burckhardt Wrote The Civilization of the...

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Jacob Burckhardt – Wrote The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy . Castiglione – Wrote The Book of the Courtier which gave guidelines that an Italian noble was supposed to live by Cosimi de Medici – First Medici of the Medici dynasty Lorenzo the Magnificent – Ruled Florence behind the scenes during part of the Renaissance, he commissioned many famous Renaissance artworks. Petrarch – Founder of Humanism , characterized middle ages as a period of darkness, condemned bad latin and used Cicero as a model for prose and Virgil for poetry Machiavelli – Served the Medici until they were expelled from Florence, when they came back, they exiled him, in exile, he wrote The Prince , which was the root of modern-day politics , and the main message was to not let morality get in the way of your political decisions. Three Estates – Clergy, Nobility, Peasants (from top to bottom). Clergy worked for the church. Nobility provided security, justice, military, and influenced important decisions. They were bound to a certain etiquette. Peasants were everyone else, but they were not serfs. Humanism – Education and culture based on the classics High Renaissance – Period of time when center of Renaissance was in Rome because of the church’s fundings Peace of Lodi – An agreement between the 5 major Italian states in 1454 that ended Italian wars until 1494. It consisted of an alliance of Milan, Florence, and Naples, and another one with Venice and the Papal States. It was meant to keep one state from growing larger at the expense of another Hanseatic League – League of traders from the northern territories that prospered while Italy
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