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Assignment Articles - Article#1 Data Blacks/African...

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Article #1: Data Blacks/African Americans bear the highest burden of HIV/AIS among all racial and ethnic group in the United States. In 2014, 44% of new HIV diagnosed cases, and 42% of those ever diagnosed with HIV/AIDS were African Americans. From 2005 to 2014 the number of new diagnoses among African American women has fell by 42%, but it is still high compared to other races and ethnicities in the United States. By the end of 2012, African American represented 41% of all Americans living with HIV/AIDS, and 14% of this did not know they had the virus. In 2013, African Americans accounted for 54% of the total death in the US caused by the disease. Prevention challenges great number of people living with the virus in African American communities, coupled with the fact that African American tend to have sex with partners of the same race/ethnicity, leads to them having a higher risk of HIV infections with each sexual encounter. In addition, they also bear a high rates of other STDs, which can increase the chance of getting or transmitting HIV. Another factor affecting African American communities is the lack of awareness of HIV status, which leads to late diagnosis and missed opportunities to access medical care and prevention. The socioeconomic issue, with poverty at its center, highly affect the high rates of the disease among African American communities. Limited access to care, housing and HIV prevention, have consequences in the outcomes of HIV care in these communities. In addition, stigma, fear, discrimination, and negative perception about the disease, discourage African American from testing and access medical care. What the CDC is doing: The CDC and partners are working towards the advancement of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy: Updated to 2020 goals, in addition to maximize the current strategies of prevention for HIV. Some of the efforts include: support of health departments and community based interventions, and The Act Against AIDS campaigns (e.g. Doing It , and Let’s Stop HIV Together ). Article #2: Data Despite the great burden African American bear for HIV and AIDS, many prevention efforts have been made in the past years, to decrease the diagnosis of new cases.
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But, HIV keeps disproportionately affect African American women, more than other racial and ethnic groups in the US. If the current rates continue to persist, 1 in 20 black men, 1 in 48 black women, and 2 black gay an bisexual men, will be diagnosed with HIV in their lifetime In 2010, African American women accounted for 30% of new infections; and all African Americans accounted for 70%. Heterosexual women are the second most affected group within the African American community; and as of 2010, the HIV incidence rate in black women is 20 times higher tan the one for their white counterpart.
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