Sociology Final Cheatsheet - Sexual Objectification...

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Sexual Objectification: representing or treating a person like a sex object, one that serves another’s sexual pleasure: Media is increasingly sexualized: Killing Us Softly 4. Silencing : girl’s mouth is covered so she looks passive and subordinate: Symbolic of females not having a voice, speaking, or objecting Hooking Up: romantic relationship outside of dating What’s the point? Dating replaced by hooking up as the main campus script; main way of initiating relationships (sexual contact first, then dating). Physical needs met with no time commitment: Does it mean sex? No, probably kissing, touching, oral sex: 39.5% say vaginal intercourse, 32.1% say kissing, touching, 15.1% say hand to genital, 11.7% say oral sex. What is a hookup? Physical encounter without expectations: Not dating or in serious relationship, Usually do not expect further attachments Ex. America’s newsroom: college kids open up about sex Double standards? Men “studs,” females “sluts”: Guy doesn’t want to know her partners, she may. Going too far is praised for guys but discouraged for girls: “Boys will be boys” attitude. Girls are supposed to be sexual and virginal simultaneously: Girls enjoy sex just as much but are expected to make him wait. Men exaggerating experiences? Men: 6.1 median lifetime sexual partners; women 3.6 More men also say they “hook up” in college: Should be close to equal since hookups were between one man and one woman: Both may be lying, men exaggerating and women downplaying. Is the date dead? “dating” – when couples are already boyfriend/girlfriend: “Date” – much rarer. What conditions led to hook up system? Large number of people in college, high percentage of women, postponement of marriage: Men 29+, women 27+, women’s movement: but “slut” label still exists. Contraception: availability Ex. Lisa Wade on MTV. Most Don’t Do: Average for college senior: 4-7 “hook-ups,” 25% never hook-up, 80% of students hook up less than once a semester on average, 91% characterize campus by a hook up culture, Sexual activity among students has not increased in recent decades. Satisfied? No, felt more intensely by women: Empowerment, Pleasure, Meaningful experience: deprioritized by women Most feel hook-up culture impedes sex and relationships: 11% enjoy, 38% opted out, 50% do so reluctantly, Less than 1% maintain a relationship throughout four years of college. Positives: Learn a lot about themselves, Clarify values/embrace sexuality, Less distracting: gain sexual experiences without confusing relationship, Emotionally safer: relationships are much worse than hookups when they go bad: Negative, post-college? Abandonment of hook up script: Percentage of people getting married each year is declining, formal dating begins: guy asks, pays, woman selects, sets limits www.socialsex.com Driven by Women? Elizabeth Armstrong says women avoid relationships to keep time with friends or studying: “Men continue to hold most of the power as they did in the dating era”. Men
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