chapter19 - Principles of Human Physiology 5e(Stanfield Chapter 19 The Urinary System Fluid and Electrolyte Balance 19.1 Multiple Choice Questions 1

chapter19 - Principles of Human Physiology 5e(Stanfield...

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Principles of Human Physiology, 5e(Stanfield)Chapter 19 The Urinary System: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance19.1 Multiple Choice Questions1) Plasma can gain solutes and/or water from which of the following?A) gastrointestinal tract onlyB) renal tubules onlyC) bone onlyD) both the gastrointestinal tract and boneE) both the gastrointestinal tract and renal tubulesAnswer: DDiff: 5 Page Ref: 5352) Movement across which of the following generally results in a net loss of solutes and/or water?EDiff: 5 Page Ref: 5353) A substance is in negative balance when ________.CDiff: 3 Page Ref: 5364) The regulation of water and ion excretion occurs primarily within the ________.EDiff: 4 Page Ref: 5371
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5) The regulation of sodium and water balance in the kidneys occurs primarily through the unique action of which cells in the distal tubules and collecting ducts?A) intercalated cellsB) principal cellsC) mesangial cellsD) granular cellsE) podocytesAnswer: BDiff: 4 Page Ref: 5376) The regulation of acid-base balance in the kidneys occurs primarily through the unique action of which cells in the distal tubules and collecting ducts?ADiff: 4 Page Ref: 5377) Which of the following is a source of water input?DDiff: 5 Page Ref: 5378) What is the force that moves water out of the distal tubules and collecting ducts?DDiff: 5 Page Ref: 537
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