Principles of Human Physiology, 5e(Stanfield)Chapter 2 The Cell: Structure and Function2.1 Multiple Choice QuestionsFigure 2.1Using Figure 2.1, answer the following questions:1) Which of the following nucleotide sequences accurately reflects the mRNA that would be produced from the double-stranded DNA pictured in Figure 2.1?A) TGTCTCACTGTCTTGB) ACAGAGTGACAGAACC) UGUCUCACUGUCUUGD) ACAGAGUGACAGAACE) GTTCTGTCACTCTGTAnswer: CDiff: 5 Page Ref: 261
2) Based upon the number of nucleotides, how many amino acids will be formed from the DNA strand shown in Figure 2.1?CDiff: 3 Page Ref: 423) In Figure 2.1, ________ between complementary bases hold the two strands of DNA together.ADiff: 3 Page Ref: 264) In Figure 2.1, ________ between phosphate and carbohydrate of the nucleotides hold the backbone of the DNA strands together.DDiff: 3 Page Ref: 265) Which of the following is NOT a monosaccharide?A) glucoseB) fructoseC) galactoseD) deoxyriboseE) lactoseAnswer: EDiff: 5 Page Ref: 202
6) What type of molecule is shown in the accompanying figure?BDiff: 5 Page Ref: 207) The presence of ________ chemical groups makes carbohydrates ________.ADiff: 4 Page Ref: 208) Which of the following molecules is a disaccharide?CDiff: 3 Page Ref: 209) Glycogen ________.A) serves as a structural component of human cellsB) is an important storage polysaccharide found in animal tissuesC) forms the regulatory molecules known as enzymesD) helps to protect vital organs from damageE) contains the genetic information found in cellsAnswer: BDiff: 3 Page Ref: 213
10) Glycogen is an example of a ________.CDiff: 3 Page Ref: 2111) ________ is a polysaccharide found in animal cells, whereas ________ is a polysaccharide found in plants that can be degraded by humans.BDiff: 5 Page Ref: 21
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