Ch. 12 Notes - Chapter 12 Reunification and Renaissance in...

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Chapter 12 Reunification and Renaissance in Chinese Civilization: The Era of the Tang and Song Dynasties Introduction Changes in China during the postclassical period were less fundamental than its counterparts Era of Division 220-589 CE The achievements of the Qin-Han began to wipe away China developed its weak spot for ENDLESS nomadic invasions, yo. The bureaucracy collapses Regional kingdoms develop Landed families with aristocratic backgrounds take over the scholar- gentry Buddhism emerges and wipes out Confucian values as central force Non-Chinese nomads rule much of China The Great Wall was divided between kingdoms Trade and city life declined Technology stagnated Thought turned to looking for magical cures and immortality Rebuilding the Imperial Edifice in the Sui-Tang Eras ● Wendi Member of a prominent northern Elite family He secured power through: Marrying daughter into the ruling of the northern Zhou empire Eventually took the throne from his son-in-law He won the support of his nomadic military commander neighbors By reconfirming their titles and not favoring the scholar-gentry He conquered the Chen kingdom in the South He became well liked and supported by Lowering taxes Establishing granaries Granaries provided “emergency” food supply to ward off famine, food shortages, and price raises on food. Sui Excesses and Collapse ● Yangdi He poisoned Wendi, his father, to win the throne He extended his father’s previous conquests Pushed back the nomadic invaders that threatened the North He established a milder legal code He upgraded Confucian education He restored the civil service exam This was all to promote the scholar-gentry!
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But they had bad effects on aristocratic farms & nomadic military commanders. He was very fond of luxury; he forced thousands of peasants to build ■ Palaces New capital city at Loyang Series of great canals to link his empire together Also forced to dig up huge trees from nearby and replant them in the new capital or wherever Revolts were set in motion Due to his failure to recapture Korea and stress from Turkic nomads Provincial governors declared themselves independent Bandit gangs raided willy nilly Nomadic peoples started to take more control again The Emergence of the Tang and the Restoration of the Empire Li Yuan Started the Tang dynasty Loyal supporter of the Sui ruler with military and political skills Got convinced that rebellion against them would be the only thing that could save his family and the empire Laid the basis for the golden age of the Tang along with his son Tang Taizong The nomadic peoples that dominated some regions were forced to submit to Tang rule Completed repairs begun by Sui Dynasty Created frontier armies Partly Turkic nomad recruits Became MOST potent military force in the empire.
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