Ch. 16 Notes - Streak 1 Chapter 16 The World Economy...

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Streak 1 Chapter 16 The World Economy Introduction Classical- establishing contacts Postclassical- increasing contacts Missionary religions, interregional trade Americas brought into the world stream Rate of global trade increased heavily with them, and also in the Old World too Relationships changed the power structure (think the difference in world powers then and now) Europe mostly dominated trade The changes in Western Europe had effects on the world economy, and vice versa They used New World goods to pay for Old World luxuries Silver from Americas ----> Europe to pay for luxuries from -----> China Foods Most food eaten today originally American plants CORN and POTATOES most important. Spread after 1500 China and Africa adopted eagerly Corn became staple in Africa Europeans more conservative about it, only later with French fries in 1680s Thought to have spread the plague They were not mentioned in the Bible The West’s First Outreach: Maritime Power Europeans started to become more aware of the world around them After the 1100s Mostly merchants, but some princes and clergy Crusades showed them the Muslim world and how they could benefit from their prestige Mongols sparked their interest too The fall of the Khans made China a mystery to them again Upper classes in Europe liked southeast Asian and Indian products (spices) Europeans showed up with big disadvantages (Underdogs) Ignorant of wider world Vikings had got Greenland and Iceland but lost interest/beat down bad by indigenous ppls They still thought the earth was flat (didnt wanna go too far and fall off) 1291 onward: fear of growing Ottomans, lack of gold to pay for Asian imports At first it was just the lil oar-propelled ships used in the Mediterranean, cuz they couldn’t go very far. New Technology: A Key to Power
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Streak 2 Deep drafted round-hulled ships (stereotypical) More compass use (Chinese → Arabs → Europeans) Mapmaking improved ● Gunnery With knowledge of explosives (Chinese invention) Advanced metalwork could create guns and cannons Not accurate, but insane for that time period Many Europeans feared them West had the best military advantages in the world at the time Portugal and Spain Lead the Pack Portugal was the first to take the initiative Drawn by: Excitement of discovery The harm they might be able to cause to the Muslim world The thirst for wealth. Henry the Navigator Portuguese prince Organized a series of expeditions along the African coast Beginning in 1434 they started to move along the coast, farther and farther each time Brought Back: ■ Slaves Spices such as pepper Tales of gold hoards Many efforts to reach India Direct contact would give them easy access to luxury cloths and spices They got around the Cape of Good Hope in the 15th century They rounded the cape in 1488 but turned back bc tired But then, oh, what’s this?? Columbus in SPAIN… found AMERICA???!?!?!?!
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