Ch. 14 Notes - Chapter 14 The Last Great Nomadic Challenges...

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Chapter 14 The Last Great Nomadic Challenges: From Chinggis Khan to Timur Introduction Mongol invasions were the ones that ended or interrupted most all of the great empires in the postclassical period. They extended the existing world network They became the mightiest war machine the world had seen under Genghis Khan Central Asia, China, Tibet, Persia, Iraq, Asia Minor, and southern Russia! The empire was divided to his sons after his death The four Khanates were formed They ruled for 150 more years Last time ever nomadic peoples would dominate a strong stable civilization like that. The Mongol Empire of Chinggis Khan Before Khan, it was difficult to organize, because it was very divided and just not united and there were rivalries with other nomadic groups too (i.e. Turkics) They had all the characteristics of basic nomadic society They survival depended on the well-being of their herds They moved their herds from one area to another based on the cycle of seasons Staple foods were meat and milk from the herds Traded animal products (hides, dairy, etc) for grain, vegetables, jewelry, cloth, and weapons They rode horses and “tough little ponies” Equally essential to their way of life Little boys and girls could ride as soon as they could walk Warriors could ride for days on end, sleep AND eat on the horse Basic unit of Mongol society was the TRIBE. (like bedouins) Divided according to kin, and they were little clans whose members all camped and herded together regularly Clans and tribes could combine into alliances when preparing for raids on other nomads or sedentary ppls, or under threat from external enemies They could be unified for even longer if the leaders were good enough to keep them that way Men DOMINATED leadership positions, but women had influence within the family life and could be heard in tribal councils. Leadership skills Courage in battle (seen by being brave during the hunt) Ability to unite alliances Ability to attract dependents Ability to build up a following of chiefs from other clans and tribes However, the leaders were always abandoned at signs of weakness The Making of a Great Warrior: The Early Career of Chinggis Khan
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Chinggis’s great grandfather, Kabul Khan, had some previous Mongol glory in north China in early 12th century When Kabul died tho, his successors couldn’t keep up the glory or the alliance, so the Mongols fell under hard times :( Early life He was originally named Temujin Born in 1170s Born into one of the splinter clans struggling to survive after Kabuls death His father was an able leader who had built up decent following But, when it seemed to be their family’s high point, his dad was poisoned Temujin was suddenly thrust into the position of leadership Most of the followers refused to follow HIM, though He was a mere boy Possibility of surviving was slim
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