W10_syn - LINA01 Week 10 Syntax Tes4ng the model Accoun4ng for proper4es of human language Announcements Read Ch 3 HW4 due in the Week 11

W10_syn - LINA01 Week 10 Syntax Tes4ng the model Accoun4ng...

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LINA01’ Week’10:’Syntax Tes4ng’the’model’ Accoun4ng’for’proper4es’of’human’language’
Announcements’ Read’Ch.’3’ HW4’due’in’the’Week’11’tutorials’ (Before’doing’the’HW,’read’the’helpful’doc’on’ Cons±tuency’Tests’posted’Frst!)’ Online’Quiz’5’(Nov’28-30)’
Announcements’ Mid-semester Course Survey is’available’on’ Survey’Monkey.’ This’is’an’anonymous’op4onal’survey.’We’ appreciate’your’comments.’Please’let’us’know’ your’thoughts.’(Available’un4l’Nov’25th)’ hYps://
Today’s±learning±goals± 1) Be±able±to±apply± cons4tuency±tests± 2) Draw± PS±trees± 3) Formulate± PS±rules± ²) Explain± ambiguity ±and±draw±trees±for± ambiguous±sentences±
Goal:’phrase’structure’rules’ Our’goal’is’to’come’up’with’the’ rules’that’ generate’the’possible’structures’ But’frst,’we’have’to’fgure’out’what’the’ possible’structures’are…’
Syntax’ What’are’the’cons4tuents?’ The fat cats jumped onto the table The fat cats jumped onto the table ?
Determining’Cons4tuents’ Cons2tuency Tests If’a’group’of’words’is’a’unit,’it’will’behave’as’a’ unit’in’a’number’of’ways…’ move ’around’as’a’unit’ be’able’to’ stand alone in’answer’to’a’ ques4on’ be’ subs2tutable by’a’single’word’which’ means’the’same’thing’(a’pro-form)’
Test’1:’Movement/ Clefing’ IF’a’group’oF’words’ moves together,’then’it’is’a’ cons4tuent’ We’will’Focus’on’one’type’oF’movement…’
Test’1:’Movement/ Clefing’ Cle8ing :’ The fat cats jumped onto the table It was ______ that . ...
Test’1:’Movement/ Clefing’ Clefing:’ The fat cats jumped onto the table It was onto the table that [ the fat cats jumped __________ ]’
Test’1:’Movement/ Clefing’ Clefing:’ The fat cats jumped onto the table It was _____ that …. Whatever’can’go’in’the’blank’is’a’cons4tuent’
Test’1:’Movement/ Clefing’ Clefing:’ The fat cats jumped onto the table [ the fat cats jumped onto the onto the that It was table ]’
Test’1:’Movement/ Clefing’ Clefing:’ The fat cats jumped onto the table Fails! [ the fat cats jumped onto the that It was table ]’ *’
Represen4ng’Cons4tuents’ The fat cats jumped onto the table CONSTITUENT represented by node in tree
Test’2:’Q-A/Stand’alone’ If’a’group’of’words’can’ stand’alone’in’ answer to’ a ques2on ,’then’the’group’of’words’is’a’ cons4tuent’
Test’2:’Stand’alone’ The fat cats jumped onto the table Q: What did the fat cats jump onto?

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